A Prolonged Cough With Phlegm Accompanied By Thick Brown Phlegm?
Hello I am 26 years old. And have experienced this phlegm since the age of 21 years. The symptom I often experience is when phlegm comes out, a maggot-sized lump of phlegm and it is translucent but in the phlegm there is a black, sometimes brown lump. What I want to ask is what is the cause and how to treat it. Thank you
A cough that occurs continuously or recurs for more than 8 weeks in adults is referred to as a chronic cough. Chronic cough can be caused by the following diseases:
Post nasal drip. Usually the fluid from the sinus or nose that is at the base of the throat causes the sensation of a foreign object which stimulates the cough reflex. These complaints are not always accompanied by a supporting examination. The therapy given can be in the form of decongestants and antihistamines. Pulmonary tuberculosis. Long coughing, can be accompanied by phlegm mixed with fresh blood. Sometimes accompanied by complaints of weight loss, night sweats, shortness of breath, etc. Therapy given in the form of OAT (anti-tuberculosis drug) which is given at least 6 months. Asthma. The main symptom of asthma is shortness of breath accompanied by a wheezing sound when exhaling. However, in some people, the symptom that appears is just a cough which mainly occurs at night or at dawn or when the air is cold. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, for example in bronchitis, the resulting cough is usually a lot of phlegm, can be accompanied by blood clots, shortness of breath especially during activity, wheezing breath sounds, etc. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the upper valve of the stomach is weak, so that the gastric juices (which should only be in the stomach) can rise up through the esophagus and stimulate coughing due to stimulation of the tracheobronchial-esophageal reflex or there is a small portion of stomach acid that is go into the airway so that coughs arise. The irritation of lambug acid also causes complaints of foreign objects / a lump in the throat, hoarseness, and clears the throat continuously. The side effects of drugs such as the ACE inhibitor class (captopril, etc.). Black-brown clots in your sputum must be ascertained whether blood is or not. Coughing with a small amount of blood is also common with chronic coughs due to throat injuries. We recommend that you check further with a pulmonary specialist. The doctor will ask for a history of your complaint and perform a physical examination (especially looking at breath movements, hearing chest breath sounds, etc.). Investigations that may be done are blood laboratory checks, sputum examination, chest X-rays, and CT-scans.
To prevent chronic cough there are several things you can do, namely:
Stop smoking Avoiding vehicle fumes, factory fumes, roads. You can use a mask when traveling. Regular exercise Clean the house and change the sheets regularly. If there are family members in the house with similar complaints, take them to the doctor as well.