About TB Disease?

Illustration of About TB Disease?
Illustration: About TB Disease? files.aidsinfo.nih.gov

I have a new friend today, it turns out he was positive with tuberculosis even though before that there were no symptoms of the disease, but my friend is indeed a little lacking in the legs, well, does it affect yes can cause tuberculosis and my friend said he himself also did not exist genetic factors history of this disease. So what do I do about that? And because there are no symptoms of tuberculosis, did the interaction of 2 yesterday that spread to my body?

1 Answer:

Hello Adawiyah,

Tuberculosis is a disease that occurs due to infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The main focus of tuberculosis infection is on the pulmonary organs. But besides attacking the lungs, tuberculosis can also affect the glands, intestines, bones, eyes, to the lining of the brain. Tuberculosis transmission is through the air, for example from cough droplets and sneezing tuberculosis sufferers with positive germ examination results. Indonesia is still a country endemic to tuberculosis, so everyone has a risk of becoming infected with tuberculosis. But despite being infected, not everyone becomes ill with tuberculosis. Usually people who are at risk of becoming infected and becoming ill with tuberculosis are people with close contact with sufferers (living at home), small children, the elderly, and people with weak immune systems who live in densely populated environments (there are tuberculosis sufferers) with poor sanitation and ventilation.

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, not caused by genetic factors. Symptoms that can be found in pulmonary tuberculosis patients are:

 Long cough Blood cough Weight loss Decreased appetite Night sweating Chest pain Shortness of breath Tuberculosis diagnosis is generally based on the results of the examination of acid-resistant bacteria (BTA) found in the sputum of patients which can be added to the results of X-ray examination. Tuberculosis treatment consists of a combination of drugs rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol taken for at least 6 months (2 months intensive phase + 4 months advanced phase). After a few weeks of treatment the germs in the body are generally reduced and can no longer transmit to others, but the treatment should not be stopped until it is completed for 6 months or on the instructions of the doctor.

People who are at risk of contracting tuberculosis, for example children who live with parents who have positive tuberculosis, should also undergo tuberculosis testing. If tuberculosis is not declared ill, it is necessary to consider giving a preventive drug in the form of isoniazid which must be consumed for 6 months for people at high risk of contracting it. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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