About The Characteristics Of Hallucinations In Schizophrenics?
Want to ask, before I had read a little about what schizo is why, its diagnosis and so on. Well, it is written that schizofern sufferers diagnose hallucinations, delusions, and so on. But if these symptoms only occur for a few moments and in about a week, can you say schizofern?
Hello Fahmi, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder where a person experiences disturbances in thinking, feeling, and behaving so that the person cannot recognize reality normally. To diagnose schizophrenia, several diagnostic criteria are needed, including:
Have experienced 2 or more of the following symptoms in a period of at least 1 month, one of which must be between the numbers 1-3:
delusions (having a false belief in something that cannot be broken)
hallucinations (impaired sensory perception)
disorganized or catatonic behavior (not moving at all)
negative symptoms (lack of energy, flat face, reduced speech and flat tone, etc.)
There is significant dysfunction (unable to work, unable to take care of themselves, unable to have normal social relationships)
Some of these symptoms last at least 6 months
Symptoms are not caused by schizoaffective disorders or mood disorders with psychotics
Symptoms are not caused by physical illness or the use of certain drugs
If you do not meet these criteria, a person cannot be diagnosed with schizophrenia. The causes of hallucinations and delusions can vary. To be able to make a diagnosis, it is necessary to rule out the possibility of certain physical diseases (eg head injury, stroke, brain tumor, etc.) that can cause similar symptoms, as well as the use of certain drugs that can cause hallucinations and delusions.
If symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions are accompanied by mood disorders, for example when a person is in a period of severe depression or severe mania, then that person also cannot be said to be schizophrenic. If there are no mood disorders accompanied by hallucinations and delusions, and the hallucinations and delusions only occur in a short period (less than 1 month), then the person is said to have an acute psychotic disorder.
For a clearer diagnosis, you can consult directly with a psychiatrist if you experience disorders such as hallucinations and delusions.
So much information from me, hopefully it will be enough to answer
dr. irna cecilia