Accidentally Pricked By An HIV Patient’s Syringe?
If we are pierced by a syringe (patient b20) after giving medicine through a bolus, will we be infected with the virus?
Hello, thanks for the question.
Patients with B20 are patients infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which is a virus that attacks a person's immune system (CD4) so that the person's immune system becomes weak and susceptible to disease. This virus is transmitted through body fluids of people infected with HIV, such as blood, semen, prejaculatory fluid, vaginal fluid, and breast milk that enters a person's body, either through sexual contact, blood transfusions, syringes, mother-to-baby transmission at the time of childbirth, and so on. Some people who are at risk of transmitting the virus include:
Having risky sexual relations, such as having sexual relations with people who have sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes, syphilis, chlamydia, or gonorrhea, having more than one sexual partner, having unprotected sexual relations such as condoms, having sexual relations with sex workers or drug users
Sharing the same syringe with other people, whether for treatment, injecting drugs, tattoos, or piercings.
Having a mother infected with HIV.
The syringe can transmit the HIV virus if the needle is contaminated with body fluids of an infected person, for example a needle that has been injected directly into the patient's body either intramuscularly, intravenously, subcutaneously, intracutaneously, etc. which is then reused either intentionally or not to others. This process will make the virus spread or enter other people's bodies, therefore, the use of syringes must be careful, especially for people who are at risk, such as health workers. Bolus drug administration will be at risk of HIV transmission if during injection there is contamination of needles used with the patient's body fluids, such as blood. If you are in doubt, you should do a self-examination to detect the presence of the virus, such as antibody tests, combination tests, NAT tests, etc. These antibody tests generally detect the presence of antibodies made by the body in response to the virus, this examination can be done at least 3-12 weeks after contact. For people who work in environments that are at high risk of HIV transmission, for example in hospitals, health centers, etc. it should always be careful, use personal protective equipment, and make early detection of these infectious diseases.
Thus, hopefully it helps.