Air Rifle Bullets Are Still In Their Arms And Are Likely Lead Poisoning?
The lead of the air rifle bullet is still in the arm. Is there a possibility of lead poisoning, because the bullet cannot come out right? And what are the characteristics, causes, and risks of lead poisoning.
Hello Enji Aulia,
Air rifle bullets are mostly made of tin, although there are already other types of bullets made from zinc, copper, tungsten, and so on. Lead bullets that are left around the joints, around bones, and blood vessels are more at risk for lead poisoning. Risk factors that increase the incidence of lead poisoning include infection, alcohol consumption, and endocrine abnormalities that have been suffered by patients.
Lead material in the bullet layer can be absorbed into the blood vessels and bind to red blood cells (erythrocytes. Then the lead circulates in the circulation and participate in the distribution of red blood cells into soft tissue, bone marrow, organs such as kidneys, lungs, brain, and bones. long-term lead in the body can cause abnormalities:
If the deposit in the bone, will disrupt bone metabolism of calcium.
Vascular tone disorders
Neurotransmitter disorders (delivery of nerve impulses)
Kidney disorders in the form of nephropathy, which is characterized by the presence of protein in the urine
In cases of lead poisoning complaints that appear are usually headaches, nausea, abdominal pain, joint pains, tingling sensation in the hands and feet, and so on. Encephalopathy (disorders of the brain, usually causing disturbance of consciousness) can occur if blood lead levels> 80 mcg / dL. Cognitive disorders at levels> 50 mcg / dL, kidney disorders at levels> 40 mcg / dL, and peripheral neuropathy at levels> 20 mcg / dL. Patient investigations usually include blood laboratories, urine tests, to determine lead levels in the body. Therapy usually uses drugs such as Ca-EDTA, Dimercaprol, which need regular monitoring and evaluation by a doctor in the hospital because the administration is usually by injection.
Thus the explanation from me, may be useful.