Are The VCT Test Results 3 Months After The Risk Relationship Valid Or Must It Be Repeated?
good night u003cbr u003 I want to ask about the hiv test u003cbr u003 on September 27, 2018 I had a risky relationship with the opposite sex but I used a condom, without realizing it turned out that he was menstruating and I then stopped penetration I immediately made sure that the condom did not leak with put water into it u003cbr u003 on 7 December I did a VCT test and the results were non-reactive u003cbr u003 on 7 February 2019 I did another VCT test and the results were non-reactive also u003cbr u003 on 1 December 2018 (2 Months After Exposure) I have experienced itching until now. On January 15, 2019 I experienced a dry cough and recovered late February u003cbr u003with these symptoms I became worried about my VCT results whether it was Valid or had to be reset again
Good afternoon, thanks for the question
HIV testing should be done after passing the window to avoid false negative results because the body needs time to produce immunity which will then be detected in several HIV testing methods. The third generation HIV serology examination method can detect HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies which can only be detected after 4-12 weeks. It is advisable to carry out the examination after 12 weeks after conducting risky behavior to obtain valid results.
If using a fourth generation HIV serology examination method, which can detect p24 antigens and HIV antibodies can give valid results after 3-8 weeks. This examination is known as the CMIA method. It is recommended to do the examination after 8 weeks because the response of individual antigens can be different. That is because p24 antigens are formed more rapidly in the body than antibodies.
In this case you do a second HIV check after the window period so the results are valid. If the results of the examination are non-reactive it means that you are free from the HIV virus provided that during this period you will not return to risky sex.
If you are currently experiencing certain symptoms, you should consult with a GP to have an examination related to other medical conditions beyond HIV suspicion.
That's all, hope it helps.