Black And White Spots On Nails?
Thank you for the question
The black color of the nails is one of the signs of the following conditions:
Fungal on the nails (onychomycosis or tinea unguium), this infection causes the nails to change color (turn yellow, brown, or white), thicken, and easily crack and split. Fungus on the nails requires special treatment because the nails have a thick layer that is difficult to penetrate with ordinary ointments. Usually the doctor will give fungal medicine in the form of antifungal nail polish or removal of infected nails. Subungual hematoma. This should be suspected if there has been previous trauma (a pinched hand, or a knock). Subungual hematoma is bleeding in the tissue under the nail so that blood collects. This situation will cause pain. Usually, a subungual hematoma evacuation will be carried out by providing a way out for the trapped fluid. This is done by piercing the nail plate without breaking through the nail bed. Hidden melanoma Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops in melanocytes. The black color is on the nail bed which is located under the nail. Melanoma is actually a skin tumor that originates from cells in the skin called melanocytes. Although very rare, but melanoma can arise in hidden places such as under the nails. To be sure, you should consult a doctor. The doctor will perform an immediate physical examination and additional examinations if necessary, such as taking a sample of nail chips. I hope this information is helpful.
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