Blood Transfusion With Thalassemia Patients?
Good afternoon, I want to ask .. Is it mandatory for patients with thalassemia minor to routinely perform blood transfusions?
Hello Ayu, Thank you for the question.
Thalassemia is a genetic disorder inherited from parents, namely an abnormality in genes that produce hemoglobin so that there is a disruption in the production of red blood cells. As a result, red blood cells are destroyed more quickly and sufferers can experience anemia. Thalassemia minor occurs if one parent has a genetic disorder that causes thalassemia while thalassemia major (severe thalassemia) occurs if both parents have this genetic disorder. Some symptoms that can be experienced by sufferers such as fatigue, dizziness, pale, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, and palpitations.
Handling of thalassemia depends on the severity. In patients with thalassemia major, hemoglobin levels in the blood are usually so low that treatment of blood transfusions is needed. However, in patients with thalassemia minor generally do not require further treatment; patients do not need blood transfusion because anemia experienced is generally mild or not even anemic. If you have thalassemia minor, you are advised to consume nutritious foods, especially those containing iron, folic acid, and vitamin B to help the production of red blood cells in the body. Avoid interaction with people who are sick and make it a habit to always keep your hands clean to prevent infection. Be sure to share this information with your obstetrician when you are planning a pregnancy so the doctor can know the impact on your child later and the doctor can make further prevention or treatment in pregnancy.
I hope this helps.