Blood Vessel Disorders?
Is it true that there are abnormalities in the blood vessels? I was diagnosed with a blood vessel disorder in the neck, the blood vessels in the neck were dilated, causing pressure on the nerves and spinal cord, they said it was a congenital disease, but I just felt it at the age of 19, is that possible?
Thank you for trusting HealthReplies.com. Blood vessels are tubes that carry blood from the heart to the organs and tissues of the body. Blood vessels are composed of 3 layers, starting from the outermost are:
1. The outer layer / tunica adventitia, which is the outermost structure that contains lots of elastic fibers.
2. Middle layer / tunica media, namely the middle structure is mainly composed of a layer of muscle.
3. Inner layer / tunica intima, which is the deepest structure which also consists of elastic and connective tissue structures.
There are 2 kinds of blood vessels, namely arteries / arteries and veins / veins. The arteries are thicker in the middle layer than the veins.
Vascular abnormalities can be congenital or acquired.
Congenital vascular disorders are:
1. Congenital aneurysm (congenital aneurysm), namely widening of the artery wall due to weakness of the wall. Weak walls are often in the area of branching arteries. As a result, the walls will widen and thin over time.
2. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), namely the formation of an abnormal channel between the arteries and veins. This channel is thin-walled, so there is a risk that it will widen and burst.
3. Artery malformation, namely abnormal formation of the structure of the walls of the arteries that causes widening of the walls.
4. Venous malformation, namely abnormalities in the formation of the structure of the walls of the veins so that the veins will be wider and the blood will be blocked. Generally, bluish patches will appear on the skin.
While blood vessel disorders that are acquired / occur in adulthood, namely:
1. Acquired aneurysm, namely weakness of the artery wall due to previous abnormalities. Mostly due to hardening of the arteries accompanied by the formation of plaque / dirt on the walls of the blood vessels. This often occurs in women aged over 40 years, people with high blood pressure, syphilis sufferers, history of vascular trauma, history of head injury, history of cocaine abuse.
2. Atherosclerosis is the hardening and formation of plaque in the walls of blood vessels due to age and lifestyle factors.
Dilated blood vessels can indeed cause pressure effects on the surrounding area. Complaints that arise depend on what organs are pressed. If the nerves are pressed, it can cause complaints of pain and tingling.
In addition to pushing into the surrounding environment, blood vessels that enlarge and thin their walls are at a higher risk of rupture. If it breaks, it can cause dangerous bleeding.
We advise you to check regularly and consult with the doctor who examines you. If your complaint is severe and unbearable, you should immediately go to the nearest emergency department (IGD).
The following article may be able to help you.
That's our explanation, hope it helps you, thank you.