Can Chewing Betel And Tobacco Cause Oral Cancer?
night, wanted to ask if a grandmother often chewed betel and tobacco then when examined there was a shallow ulcer and black crust under the lips and bleeding when brushing teeth. Do you think that the grandmother has carcinoma or leukoplakia? Thank you in advance
Hello Eci, thank you for the question to HealthReplies.com
Leukoplakia is a thick white coating on the gums, the inside of the cheeks, the floor of the mouth, and sometimes it can also be found on the tongue. Most of these lesions are harmless, but some types of leukoplakia can also be an early sign of cancer in the mouth. Leukoplakia can form due to chronic inflammation in the mouth, and the main risk factors are smoking or chewing tobacco. Other risk factors include broken or sharp teeth that often rub against the surface of the tongue, broken dentures / dentures or improper size, long-term use of alcohol.
Carcinoma is a type of malignant tumor (cancer) originating from the epithelial tissue of the skin or the tissue that lines the internal organs. Cancer of the oral cavity is not always carcinoma (although carcinoma is the most common).
Symptoms experienced by the grandmother are more directed at cancer of the oral cavity. Chewing tobacco and betel nut is one of the risk factors for oral cancer. Other risk factors include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, family history of cancer, HPV infection (human papilloma virus). Other symptoms that can be found include:
bumps, swelling, thickening, crusting, erosion of the lips, gums, tongue, or other areas of the mouth
a thick white layer of white, reddish, or patches on the mouth
spontaneous bleeding from any area in the mouth
numbness or pain in any area of the face, mouth or neck
bleeding sores on the mouth that do not heal for more than 2 weeks
difficulty chewing, swallowing, talking, or moving the jaw or tongue
hoarseness, voice changes, sore throat that doesn't heal
significant weight loss
Although the symptoms are quite direct in oral cancer, the diagnosis cannot be made without further examination such as biopsy of the lesion first. You should advise the grandmother to see her directly to the doctor to get further tests.
So much information from me, hopefully enough answer