Can HIV During The Window Period Affect Lymphocyte Values?
Good afternoon Doctor … does HIV affect the lymphocyte count in the early window?
Hello Sarmal, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com
The window period is the period in which the body's immune system forms antibodies against the HIV virus that enters the body. This period can range from 3-12 weeks. This period needs to be distinguished from the acute period, which is a period that occurs 2-4 weeks after HIV infection, during which there is a very rapid development of the virus in the body which can be accompanied by acute symptoms of HIV infection. These symptoms are non-specific, and can include:
fever and chills
muscle and joint pain
the appearance of a rash
swollen lymph nodes
feeling tired and weak
In this acute period, HIV infection (the same as other viral infections in general), can cause a decrease in the number of lymphocytes (lower normal to slightly below normal). This number can increase again after passing the acute period (within 4-8 weeks), after which it will decline again when the infection has become chronic and the HIV virus has caused significant damage to the body's immune system (approximately within 1-2 years after infection if not received ARV treatment).
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dr. irna cecilia