Can HIV Sufferers Experience Complications?
whether a person with HIV is susceptible to complications and if affected by complications how to manage them.
Thank you for the question.
HIV is a disease caused by a virus and attacks the immune system. Based on the course of the disease, HIV is divided into several phases, namely:
The acute infection phase, characterized by fever, muscle and joint pain, skin rash, sore throat, cough, runny nose, dizziness, headache, occurs when a new virus starts entering the body
The window phase, marked by the improvement of the symptoms above, so the sufferer feels healed and is not infected with HIV, occurs when the virus has multiplicative active in the body but has not been detected by the immune system
The AIDS phase, characterized by the appearance of more severe symptoms, such as prolonged fever, chronic diarrhea, weight loss dramatically, fatigue, weakness, swollen lymph nodes, recurrent infections, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, etc., occur when the immune system is attacked and decreased dramatically, can be very deadly if not immediately recognized and handled
As mentioned above, because the HIV virus has the ability to immobilize the immune system, the most detectable complication of this disease is that patients become more susceptible to infection. There are many types of infections that are susceptible to HIV sufferers, for example pneumonia, candidiasis, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus, cryptococcal meningitis, toxoplasmosis, and so on. Not just infection, the risk of sufferers to experience malignancy (such as lymphoma, Kaposi's sarcoma) and multiorgan disorders, such as nerves, kidneys, liver, and so on will be even greater.
The definitive treatment for people with HIV is to be given anti-retroviral drugs. In addition, if already dangerous complications occur, of course the treatment also needs to be adjusted to the types of complications that occur. Often, doctors will coordinate across specialties, such as internal, pulmonary, cardiovascular, and so on in providing patients with appropriate treatment. In terminal cases, where it is felt that the potential for successful treatment is very small, palliative therapy can also be given to improve the quality of the patient's remaining life.
For that, consult further to the nearest doctor regarding this matter huh ..
I hope this helps.