Can Lung Spots Be Contagious?
Good afternoon, doc. You ask, I work at a company provided by mess for employees, so I happen to be in the same room. I just found out that my roommate was hit by a lung spots after being diagnosed by the hospital. healthy until now. what I’m afraid of if I stay in the same room even though he has lung spots. Contagious or not? How do I solve it? Thank you, doctor
Hello AsFatur, Thank you for the question.
How long has your friend been diagnosed with the disease? Has your friend taken the medicine and how long has your friend been taking the medicine?
Lung spots or tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis which attacks the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis). This bacterium can also cause infections in other organs outside the lungs (extra-pulmonary tuberculosis) such as bones, intestines, and lymph nodes. This bacterium is transmitted through saliva splashes when the sufferer talks, coughs, or sneezes. Pulmonary tuberculosis causes sufferers to experience long-standing cough symptoms, fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, night sweats, decreased appetite, weight loss.
Patients who have been diagnosed with TB will be treated with a combination of antibiotics including isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol for a minimum period of 6 months. In general, after undergoing 2 months of treatment, sufferers no longer transmit the bacteria. However, of course, it must be ensured that the patient takes the medicine according to the doctor's recommendations regularly and the examination after the treatment shows improved results.
To prevent transmission, patients are advised not to expel phlegm carelessly and always cover the nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing. Also, make sure your room is well ventilated.
You can also ask your friend about his condition and treatment history so you can better find out whether your friend still has the potential to transmit the bacteria or not. If your friend has finished treatment and is declared cured, then your friend is no longer contagious. Do not hesitate to see a doctor immediately if you experience the symptoms mentioned above.
Hopefully this information is useful.