Can Multiple Sclerosis Be Cured?

Illustration of Can Multiple Sclerosis Be Cured?
Illustration: Can Multiple Sclerosis Be Cured?

Doctor .. my mother was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis with symptoms of pain and stiffness in her right leg .. based on the information from the examining doctor, informing her that at this time there is still no treatment for this disease .. can the doctor cure this disease? And what is the best treatment for my mother’s illness? Thank you doctor

1 Answer:

Hi Bomaindra,

Thank you for asking

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a type of autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective membranes of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord (myelin membranes) which are healthy because they are considered a dangerous foreign object, when they are not. The myelin membrane itself has an important role in making efficient delivery of nerve impulses between nerve cells. As a result of this disorder, nerve cells can be permanently damaged.

There are a variety of symptoms that can appear in people with MS. The appearance of these symptoms can vary depending on the severity of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. In general, people with MS will experience sensation disturbances (tingling, electrocution, pain, or numbness) as well as motor problems (weakness or paralysis) which can be felt, especially in the tools of movement (hands and feet), visual disturbances (such as blindness, double vision, or pain when moving the eyeball), tremors, coordination and balance disorders, speech problems, weakness, dizziness, defecation control disorders, urination, and so on.

As with other autoimmune diseases, the exact cause of MS is unknown. This is why definitive handling of MS has yet to be done. However, some literature states that the emergence of MS is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This disease is more prone to occur in women, people who have a family history of MS, smokers, people with certain infections (such as Epstein-Barr virus infection), or also people who have other autoimmune diseases (such as Graves' disease, type 1 diabetes, or inflammatory diseases. intestines).

Unfortunately, as we have mentioned above, some of the therapeutic modalities available so far for MS aim to slow the progression of the disease, not cure it. This therapy can be done by administering drugs, for example steroids, interferon beta, ocrelizumab, dimethyl fumarate, and so on. Plasmaparesis procedure can also be done, namely by removing blood plasma from the body separately from the blood cells, then mixing it with a protein solution (albumin), then returning it back into the body. In addition, physical therapy, muscle relaxants, and various other drugs can also be given in accordance with the complaints that arise in order to improve the patient's quality of life.

Consult your mother's condition directly with the neurologist who treats her. Doctors will certainly try their best for the health of their patients. Always assist your mother in undergoing treatment. Make sure that he gets enough rest, regularly practices the proper functioning of his body, and doesn't get stressed, sad, or excessively anxious. In addition, help improve his nerve function by giving him a diet low in saturated fat but rich in omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin D, for example olive oil, fish oil, seeds, and so on.

May God Almighty give health and healing to your mother.

Hope it helps ..

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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