Can Noise Have A Bad Impact On The Fetus?

Good evening doctor ,, r nI want to ask ,, I am currently 9 months pregnant, this month of Ramadan there are not a few people who light firecrackers in my villages, the thing that I am afraid of, does the sound of the firecrackers have a negative impact on my fetus? Thank you..

1 Answer:

Hi Maulida,

Thank you for asking

The ability to hear the fetus has begun to develop from 23 to 27 weeks of gestation. At first, what the fetus hears more often is the sound that comes from the mother, such as the sound of the heartbeat, the movement of air in the lungs, the sound of bowel sounds, to the movement of blood in the mother's body. As gestational age increases, the fetus will become more adept at hearing sounds from outside the mother's body, including the sound of firecrackers as you mentioned. It is not impossible, at a gestational age that reaches more than 25 weeks, the fetus can already respond to the sounds he hears, for example by writhing, kicking, and so on.

Indeed, to date, there is limited research available regarding the adverse effects of fetal noise exposure. However, some literature states that pregnant women should not be exposed to noise that exceeds 115 decibels. This, apart from being able to cause the mother's stress level to increase, is also feared to have an adverse impact on the development of the fetus in the womb.

Mothers who experience stress can be more at risk of experiencing fetal development obstacles. In addition, greater stress can also trigger premature contractions, which at 9 months of gestation risk leading to preterm labor. Furthermore, according to some literature, pregnant women who are exposed to excessive noise for a long time are more at risk of developing hypertension (high blood pressure) in pregnancy, giving birth to a fetus with low body weight, or also causing hearing loss in the fetus.

To overcome noise exposure to mothers, using ear plugs may be a solution. However, this is not the case with noise exposure to your fetus. Therefore, it is highly recommended to give understanding to people who play these firecrackers not to light them near where you live. Or, you can step away from the noisy area for a while to make you feel more comfortable.

That's all for our explanation. For more details, please consult directly with your gynecologist.

Noise: A hazard for the fetus and newborn

I hope this helps.

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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