Can People Who Are Infected With HIV Experience Weight Gain?
r n r nGood day, would you like to ask, can people who are infected with HIV experience weight gain? In addition, is there a certain period for a retest (VCT test), which has previously been a VCT test.
Hello Franz, Thank you for the question.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the human immune system so the immune system is unable to function to fight infections and other diseases. There are three stages of HIV infection, namely the acute stage, the latent stage, and the advanced stage (AIDS).
The acute stage appears 1-2 months after HIV infection occurs. Symptoms that appear are not specific and resemble flu symptoms. Symptoms in the acute stage include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, skin rashes, abdominal pain, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, and thrush. Symptoms experienced by patients in the acute stage vary from mild to severe. If the patient experiences only mild symptoms and the appetite remains good, then a decrease in body weight is not found at this stage, maybe even the sufferer may experience weight gain. However, if this condition is not treated immediately, the infection will enter the latent stage which can last for several years. At this stage, the virus will further develop in the body and attack the immune system. Just like in the acute stage, latent stage sufferers also experience symptoms that vary even some who do not experience any symptoms. As the virus develops and attacks the immune system further, sufferers who experience symptoms at this stage will usually experience weight loss, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, shingles, headaches, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue. Latent stage infections that are not treated immediately will cause the infection to develop into AIDS, a condition in which the immune system is unable to fight infection and disease so that it can cause the body to experience repeated infections. Symptoms that appear at this stage are weight loss, long-standing fever, chronic diarrhea, fungal infections, skin rashes, shortness of breath, weakness, and nervous disorders.
Therefore, if someone is undergoing an action that is at risk of contracting HIV (for example unprotected intercourse and changing partners, receiving blood transfusions from people infected with HIV, sharing needles with patients such as injecting drug users, or from mothers suffering from HIV to the baby), the person is recommended to immediately undergo an HIV test at a voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service in the hospital. If the first HIV test is non-reactive / negative, then the person will usually be recommended to repeat the HIV test 3 months later. If the next 3 month HIV test is also non-reactive. negative, then the person can be declared as not having HIV infection provided that during the 3 months the risky return does not return.
If the person has previously taken an HIV test and so far has not taken a risky action, then there is no need to do a repeat HIV test. HIV testing is only done if a person experiences a risky action.
Hopefully this information is useful.