Can The Papaya Contain Allergic Reactions?
, my child is 6.5 months old and I found out that my child is allergic to papaya. What I want to ask, is the content in papaya that triggers an allergic reaction? And what foods have the same content or similar to papaya?
Hello Ellen Megawati,
Allergic reactions occur because the body's immune response to exposure to a substance (allergen). Allergic reactions generally occur in repeated exposure to these substances. Allergic reactions do not occur at first exposure to a substance. At first exposure to the body, hypersensitive immunity forms antibodies to a substance because it is considered "dangerous" even though it is actually harmless. As a result, in subsequent exposures to that substance, an immune reaction will appear to that substance called an allergic reaction.
Symptoms of food allergies can vary including:
Redness and itchy rashes appear on the skin Swelling of the lips, eyelids, mucous membranes (face) mucosa Red face Wheezing breath, shortness of breath Flatulence or diarrhea or stomach cramps Severe reactions can cause anaphylactic shock Allergic diagnosis can be made of clinical symptoms coupled with wheezing Allergy tests such as skin pricked tests, patch tests, and other tests that expose several types of allergens to the body and see whether an allergic reaction occurs or not. The most important treatment for allergies is to avoid allergens as much as possible, giving antihistamines, and in certain cases you can try desensitization techniques (to accustom the body's immunity to allergens).
Papaya can also cause allergies in some people, allergies arise due to certain proteins contained in papaya. In raw papaya (from the sap) there is also a proteinase enzyme called papain which is widely used in processing drugs, cosmetics, toothpaste, meat tenders, and some people can be allergic to these papain substances. Some other allergens from papaya are chymopapain, Car p 3, Car p endoproteinase, car p chitinase.
Several studies report cross-reactivity allergic to papaya with the following types of food:
Avocado Mango Banana Tomato Kiwi Soursop Chestnut If you want to give these foods to children, please be more careful. Can try to give in small portions then see the child's body's reaction. Can also be given after being processed / cooked to change the shape of the protein / allergen and reduce the possibility of allergic reactions. Giving MPASI to children aged 6.5 months with allergies can be given first, so the food is given one by one. So that it can be observed which foods are allergic children. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.