Can White Spots On The Cheeks Of A 3 Month Old Baby Disappear?
Hello doctor, my 3 month old child has red marks and white patches on the cheeks. The diagnosis by the dermatologist is hemangioma and nevus anemicus. According to dermatologists, hemangiomas can disappear by the age of 1 or 2 years. But what about anemic nevus? Can it disappear too? (I forgot to ask the dermatologist hehe)
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Hemangioma is a benign tumor that affects the blood vessels. This condition causes a cluster of blood vessels to grow thicker and excessively It is not clear what the trigger is, but it is thought that it is closely related to genetic factors (heredity). Hemangiomas can appear from birth or in the early months of life. This condition is characterized by the appearance of a red rash on the body, especially on the face, head, chest, or back. This red rash can then enlarge and protrude from the surface of the skin. Normally, a hemangioma will begin to recession (wipe out) until it is completely healed before the age of 5 to 10 years. Because of its benign nature, often special treatment is not required to treat hemangiomas. However, hemangioma sufferers can more easily experience irritation on their skin, so they can appear itchy, sore, and also sores. In conditions like this, it is advisable to have the child examined directly to the doctor so they can get further treatment. In addition, hemangiomas that are very large in size and interfere with appearance can also be treated with medication (such as beta blockers, corticosteroids) or laser therapy.
Nevus anemicus is a form of congenital abnormality of the blood vessels that causes a hypopigmented rash. This condition occurs due to local hypersensitivity to catecholamines which cause vasoconstriction (reduction in the diameter of blood vessels). In contrast to hemangiomas, anemicus nevus generally lasts into adulthood. However, this condition is generally harmless and also does not have the potential to cause health problems. However, if the complaint appears accompanied by the appearance of a lot of cafe au lait macules, then you need to check your child back to the doctor to be evaluated for the possibility of a dangerous disease, for example neurofibromatosis type 1. There is no specific therapy that can be done to treat anemic nevus. However, if you feel annoyed, this whitish rash can be covered with the use of make-up when your child is an adult.
Whitish spots resembling tinea versicolor in the area around the eyes, cheeks, and nose as you experience may still be part of an anemic nevus. Or, it could be that these white patches occur due to other causes, for example tinea versicolor (tinea versicolor), vitiligo (breakdown of melanocytes that cause white skin), seborrheic dermatitis (chronic inflammation of the skin that causes the skin to become scaly like dandruff), psoriasis (chronic inflammation skin that occurs due to autoimmune disorders), pityriasis, post-inflammatory hypopigmentation, and so on. Depending on the cause of the spots, this condition can go away on its own, but some can last into adulthood if not treated properly.
Therefore, you should check your child again with a dermatologist regarding their condition. That way, the best treatment can be done to minimize the spread of patches on your child's facial skin.
The step that you should do at this time is to always keep your child's skin clean, that is, regularly bathe him, and clean it when he sweats. Protect your child's skin from being exposed to excessive UV rays, pollution, and other irritants. Avoid giving your own treatment without a doctor's prescription.
Hope it helps ..
dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah