Causes And Overcome Heart Valve Disorders In Adulthood?
Hello doctor, I’m Ambar. My doctor Sodara from October last experienced shortness of breath, chest pain and insomnia. In October the doctor had brought it, said the doctor because it was too tired and stressed. After taking treatment for stomach acid, my brother immediately relapsed, and until now it often recurs. Today my brother checked into a public hospital because he applied for a job, but instead got new news again, said the doctor, my brother had an abnormality in the heart valve. I want to ask what is the cause of this disease? What was the first step the family could take to heal my brother? And is this disease completely cured? From what I read on Google the symptoms of this disease are the same as those experienced by my brother. Please answer, thank you.
Good evening, thanks for the question
Heart valve disease is an abnormality in the function of one or more of the four valves in the heart. The heart valve serves to keep blood flow in one direction, from the foyer to the chamber then to the vein or aorta.
This type of valve malfunction is divided into 2 tigers. The first is the narrowing of the valve (stenosis), causing one-way blood flow to be smooth and accumulate in one heart chamber. The second is a heart valve leak (regurgitation) which causes blood flow from the chambers to the foyer of the heart, causing a heart pump disruption.
Complaints that exist include:
1. Easily tired
2. Shortness during activity
4. Chest pain
5. Swelling of the legs
6. Chest pounding
Causes of heart valve abnormalities include:
1. Infection of the heart muscle
2. Rheumatic fever
3. Congenital heart defects
4. Abnormalities of heart muscle
5. Heart failure
To make a diagnosis other than with the typical complaints above, it requires a physical examination of the heart and lungs, as well as supporting examinations. Investigations include a heart record to assess the electrical activity of the heart, echocardiography to assess the function of pumps, valves, and blood flow in the heart, X-rays to assess the size of the heart, and a treadmill to assess the ability of the heart to load.
Handling with the drug is given with the aim to reduce symptoms but can not correct existing valve abnormalities. The definitive treatment is the surgical method based on the patient's clinical considerations.
The first step that needs to be done is to carry out further consultations with a cardiologist for further evaluation and examination plans.
That's all, hope you can help