Causes And Overcoming Autoimmune Diseases?

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Hello. I want to ask, how does the mechanism of autoimmune itself in a pathophysiological way? thanks. Thank you wr wb

1 Answer:

Hello, thank you for the question to HealthReplies.com

Autoimmune disease is a disease in which the human immune system attacks and destroys normal body cells. Basically, all cells in our body have specific proteins on the surface of their cells. These proteins have been recognized by the immune system and will be considered "friends" so they will not be attacked. As a parable, these immune cells and body cells have met and grown together since they were still in the womb, so they are good friends and will not attack each other. When there are foreign substances that enter the body (such as bacteria), these foreign substances express different proteins on the surface of their cells. The immune system will recognize the protein on the surface of these foreign substances as "not friends" or "enemies", so the immune system will attack and destroy these cells. When there is a change in the structure of proteins on the surface of body cells (for example when body cells turn into cancer cells), the immune system will also not recognize these cells as "friends" anymore, so the immune system will also attack and destroy cells. this altered cell.

The mechanism by which the body's immune system finally recognizes body cells that were originally "friends" into "enemies" is not known for certain. Some types of autoimmune can appear after infection with certain bacteria or viruses, some other types of autoimmune can appear because there are some parts of the body's cells that are never exposed (do not know and do not grow together) the immune system suddenly experience exposure with the immune system and eventually it was identified as an "enemy". However, in some autoimmune diseases, it is not clear how this immune system mechanism attacks the body itself.

To find out more deeply, you should clearly state what autoimmune diseases you want to know about the pathophysiology.

So much information from me, hopefully enough answer

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