Causes And Proper Treatment For Coughing Up Blood?

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At noon, like this before I had a bloody cough with quite a lot of volume, even though my medical history was good, there was no serious illness, I was not a smoker, after I read a lot of articles on coughing up blood, many identified tuberculosis and bronchitis but I did not have any characteristics from these diseases such as high fever etc., after I went to the doctor, the doctor said I still had symptoms of ISPA, after being given the medicine my condition improved my sputum returned to normal but earlier when I was running because I was a cadet, the bloody cough came back again, even though not as bad as the first. Can you explain, apart from the 2 diseases, what caused my bloody cough, and how to cure it

1 Answer:

Hi Apri,

Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.

Coughing up blood can be a mild condition, but it can also be dangerous. One possibility that should be watched out for is pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and bronchitis.

Pulmonary TB is caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In addition to chronic coughs that are often accompanied by bloody phlegm, pulmonary TB can also cause sufferers to experience various other complaints, such as low-grade fever (not high fever) that doesn't go away, weakness, shortness of breath, chest pain, excessive sweating, significant weight loss, swelling in the lymph nodes, decreased appetite, and so on. Not only smokers, people who don't smoke can also contract this disease, especially if they often have close contact with TB sufferers who do not receive adequate treatment. Poor immune system and densely populated environmental conditions, poor sanitation, and not optimal lighting can further increase the risk of transmission.

Meanwhile, bronchitis is an inflammation that occurs in the lower respiratory tract to the lungs. This condition can occur acutely or chronically. In acute bronchitis, the most common cause is infection, such as a virus or bacteria. However, in chronic bronchitis, the main cause is smoking. Not only coughs that can be accompanied by bloody mucus, bronchitis can also cause sufferers to experience shortness of breath, additional breath sounds (wheezing), chest pain, excessive sweating, fatigue, weakness, and so on. If the cause is infection, then bronchitis sufferers also often experience fever.

Apart from pulmonary tuberculosis and bronchitis, coughing up blood can also occur due to other factors, some examples are:

Cough that is too hard, causing the blood vessels in the throat to burst (including in people with ARI) Swallowed by sharp objects, for example food thorns Pneumonia (inflammation of the lung parenchyma, can occur due to infection or aspiration) Nasopharyngeal cancer (malignant tumor in the throat) Lung cancer (tumor malignant in the lung parenchyma, closely related to smoking habits or exposure to harmful chemical radiation) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease, reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus) Other causes, such as lung abscess, pulmonary embolism, blood clotting disorders, and so on. Complaints have often recurred, you should check yourself directly to an internal medicine specialist. Through a comprehensive examination, including by involving sputum tests, X-rays, blood tests, or other supporting tests, doctors generally can identify possible dangerous conditions that require treatment. special.

In the meantime, so that complaints don't recur, you can first do the following:

Avoid coughs that are too hard Drink lots of warm water Increase your intake of vitamin C, including by consuming lots of guava, oranges, strawberries, sprouts, and other vegetables and fruits Do not smoke Use a nose mask Keep your living environment clean, ventilated, and well lit Maintain immunity by exercising regularly, taking regular breaks, and also eating a balanced nutritious diet. Hope this helps.

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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