Causes And Treatment For Patients With Pleural Effusion?
Hi, After undergoing outpatient treatment for approximately 4 months, my mother was declared clean pleural fluid and continued her treatment. 1 week yesterday my mother’s breath was tight and after control to the doctor, it turned out there was pleural fluid again (said the doctor Sp.P). I wonder what the cause ,? thank you
Hello Lutfi, thank you for the question.
The has two pleural membranes lining the outside. This membrane separates lung tissue and chest wall. Normally between the two lung membranes it contains a small amount of fluid. The liquid is important to prevent friction between the membranes and helps in the process of developing lung collapse when breathing. In a disease condition, pleural fluid can increase so much that it causes pressure on the lungs. The increasing amount of pleural fluid is called pleural effusion. Pleural effusion makes it difficult for the lungs to expand so that people will complain of shortness of breath, sometimes accompanied by chest pain when breathing. Effusion can occur in one part of the lung or both lungs.
Some causes that can cause pleural effusion generally are:
Lung tuberculosis lung cancer pulmonary embolism pneumonia heart failure decreased liver function You should talk about it directly to the treating doctor, because that doctor best understands your mother's history from the start. Sometimes doctors need further tests such as examination of pleural fluid to look for cancer cells or cells related to infection, tests to look for tuberculosis, examination of kidney function and liver function, and examination of heart function. If an abnormality is found in one of these tests, the doctor will explore further to determine the exact diagnosis. In the meantime you can help your mother by: giving a pillow back when your mother is sleeping, so that your mother is lying in a half-sitting position (45 degrees) Wear loose clothing so as not to add to the breathing burden of drinking enough water, not to become dehydrated, but don't overdo it too. You can take a safe estimate of about 2 L / day, not more, because it is feared that fluid can accumulate in the pleura Thus our explanation, hopefully your mother can immediately get the best help. Regards.