Causes And Treatment Of Autoimmune Diseases?

Illustration of Causes And Treatment Of Autoimmune Diseases?
Illustration: Causes And Treatment Of Autoimmune Diseases? niehs.nih.gov

Hello, I want to ask that I was sentenced to have Hashimoto’s disease, is Hashimoto the same as autoimmune diseases such as lupus etc. Does it only attack the thyroid? Thank you for your time

1 Answer:

Hello Denny, Thank you for the question.


Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune condition (just like lupus is an autoimmune condition) in which the immune system attacks the cells of the thyroid gland causing inflammation of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland functions to produce hormones (thyroxine hormone (T4) and triiodotironin (T3)) which have an important role in various metabolic processes and bodily functions. The exact cause of why the immune system attacks the thyroid gland is not known with certainty but this condition is more common in those who have hereditary factors, are female, have excess iodine in the body, have other autoimmune diseases, and have experienced radiation as smoothly (such as radiotherapy) . Hashimoto's disease causes damage to the thyroid gland so that the production of T4 and T3 hormones is disrupted which causes these hormone levels to be low. Unlike lupus, this condition only attacks the thyroid gland.


The initial symptoms of this disease are swelling or lumps in the thyroid gland located in the neck area. In addition, several other symptoms are easily tired, hair loss, can not stand the cold air, constipation, memory disorders, dry skin, excessive menstruation, depression, muscle pain, joint stiffness, and weight gain.


Treatment given by a doctor depends on each patient's condition. If indeed the sufferer experiences low hormone levels, then the doctor will give drugs that contain synthetic hormones. In addition to treatment, patients can also receive treatment in the form of surgery if the size of the thyroid gland is so large that it disrupts the structure or surrounding organs or if it is found that the lump on the thyroid is a malignant lump. Please discuss further with your internal medicine specialist regarding your condition and subsequent treatment.


Hopefully this information is useful.

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