Causes And Treats Migraine With Aura?

Illustration of Causes And Treats Migraine With Aura?
Illustration: Causes And Treats Migraine With Aura? Bing

I want to know more about migraine with aura, what nerves cause aura to appear? And why can this happen? I started getting migraine aura since about 12-13 years. At first it was rare, but now I’m 20 years old, the migraine relapses are getting closer (more often, especially if you haven’t fully recovered, migraines appear the next day). And at first I was the only one who had migraines with aura, but recently my mother and my sister got migraines with aura too. Why if the cause is a gene, I got it first and then my mother? Please explain, doctor.

1 Answer:

Hi Irmaditha,

Thank you for asking

Migraine is a type of primary headache that causes sufferers to feel a throbbing pain sensation, especially on one side of the head. Many experts argue that this condition is related to vascular abnormalities, namely in the form of alternating vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels) and vasidilation (widening of blood vessels). In addition, there are also those who suspect that migraine occurs because of a neurogenic process that has a secondary effect on changes in cerebral perfusion that trigger inflammation.

There are many factors that can trigger migraines, one of which is genetics (heredity). This is what may cause both you, your mother, and your sister to also experience migraines. The onset of this migraine can vary, it doesn't always appear first in older people. This is because, there are many other factors that increase a person's risk of experiencing migraines, ranging from hormonal imbalances (eg before menstruation), stress, inadequate sleep quality, side effects of drugs, smoking, exposure to an unfavorable environment, head injuries. , rarely exercise, unhealthy diet, or consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and certain types of food.

Migraine sufferers experience sensory or visual symptoms known as auras. This aura often precedes the headache that appears, but can last until after the headache has improved. Aura appears due to the effects of cortical spreading depression, which is a condition in which blood flow to certain parts of the brain decreases for a moment in turn. This aura can appear in various forms, for example, seeing a flash of light, neck stiffness, tingling, numbness, and so on.

Our advice, you check yourself along with your mother and sister to a neurologist for further evaluation. If it is felt that the complaints appear quite severe, the doctor may suggest that you undergo further examinations, such as laboratory tests, X-rays, CT scans, to MRI.

In the meantime, you should avoid migraine triggers, for example in the following ways:

Limit being in a noisy, stuffy, or glare environment. Reduce foods that contain MSG, caffeine, alcohol Adequate sleep. Avoid stress. Exercise regularly. Eat more vegetables and fruit. Avoid smoking. When a migraine occurs, rest, calm yourself, and take pain relievers. , for example paracetamol.

Hope it helps ya..

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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