Causes And Ways To Treat Ischemic Heart Disease?

Illustration of Causes And Ways To Treat Ischemic Heart Disease?
Illustration: Causes And Ways To Treat Ischemic Heart Disease? cdc.gov

Good afternoon,

1 Answer:

Hi Shrye,

Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.

Ischemic heart disease, or currently known as coronary heart disease (CHD), is a disorder that occurs when the blood vessels that supply the heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients (coronary arteries) are damaged. This condition usually occurs due to inflammation and deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels (atherosclerotic plaque). The plaque that forms in the coronary arteries can then cause the diameter of the blood vessels to shrink, as a result of which blood flow to the heart will decrease. Therefore, sufferers can experience chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and various other complaints. If there is a total blockage of the coronary arteries, the patient will experience a heart attack.

The development of CHD does not happen suddenly, but is the result of a long process. Therefore, at an early stage, sufferers often do not experience significant complaints, and the disease can be detected accidentally when a general health check-up (MCU) is carried out. Several factors that can cause coronary artery damage include smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension (high blood pressure), hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol), diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle (for example, unhealthy diet, laziness to exercise, stress, obesity).

Handling of CHD is carried out comprehensively, starting with lifestyle modification, administering medication, to surgery (for example, inserting a stent or bypass). As for determining the appropriate treatment, you should consult directly with a cardiologist. Not only ECG and treadmill, several other types of examinations, such as echocardiography, angiography, etc. can also be done by doctors to determine the best treatment.

Currently, your husband can take the following measures to improve his health condition:

Stay away from cigarettes and alcohol Maintain ideal body weight Get plenty of meditation to avoid excessive stress Exercise regularly every 2 to 3 days Take care of your diet, reduce salt and high-fat foods, increase vegetables and whole grains Don't be too quiet, get active ..

dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah

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