Causes Of Blood Pressure Increased Dramatically?
Good morning, I want to ask about the accuracy of the sphygmomanometer I have been examined with a different sphygmomanometer within 1 minute. The first sphygmomanometer says 150 using a sphygmomanometer. And the second shows 130 using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Is it possible that in a short time the blood pressure can go up drastically.
Hello Asep Suryaman
Thank you for your question
Blood pressure is usually measured using a tensimeter. The working principle of the sphygmomanometer itself is to partially occlude the brachial artery (arterial blood vessels in the arm) so that a turbulent flow is formed in the blood vessels which will cause a sound in each pulse / pulse of the blood vessels which is called the Korotkoff sound and can be heard through a stethoscope. As for the sphygmomanometer itself, there are 3 types, namely mercury sphygmomanometer, digital sphygmomanometer, and spring sphygmomanometer. Both of these are considered to be interchangeable and the measurements will be correct if this tensimeter has been calibrated regularly every year. Differences in the blood pressure measurement results that you experience can be caused by various things, for example the measurement position is not correct (the position of the arm being measured must be parallel to the position of the heart), or because the blood pressure device is not used correctly (the cuff or arm wrap is too tight or too loose ), it could also be because there is damage to the tool. However, physical activity can affect changes in blood pressure, but it rarely happens as quickly as what you are experiencing. For this reason, make sure that the blood pressure meter has been calibrated and is not damaged, and that the blood pressure measurement method has been carried out with the right procedure. Some things you can do to get good blood test results are:
Avoid consuming caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine (in cigarettes) for 30 minutes before starting the examination. Sit quietly and relax before the examination. When taking the measurement, place your hand with your elbow in line with your heart. When measuring blood pressure, it should be repeated 2 times to get more reliable results. Hope this answer can help you.
dr. Aldy Valentino