Causes Of Distended Stomach In Children With Poor Nutrition?
Why in children who are malnourished in general, their stomach is distended even though the body is thin?
Thank you for the question.
Malnutrition occurs when the weight curve based on age or body weight / height is below minus two standard deviations from the WHO (World Health Organization) table. Malnutrition itself is divided into two, namely kwashiorkor and marasmus. Kwashiorkor is poor nutrition where the child lacks protein intake, so the sign that appears is the child has a distended stomach, swelling in the body, but thin. While marasmus is poor nutrition in which the child lacks all the nutrients, including protein and other calorie intake, which is characterized by being thin overall without fat, and no swelling in the body, and dry hair.
In children with kwashiorkor, where the body is like swelling and bloated but actually the child is very thin, the distended abdomen is caused by a lack of protein. This extreme protein deficiency will cause fluid imbalances in the body especially in the digestive system. This fluid imbalance will make the tissue 'attract' water, causing a buildup of fluid in the tissue, so the child looks bloated. Appropriate malnutrition treatment is to increase calorie intake and overcome the causes of malnutrition which must be evaluated in depth by pediatricians.
Hopefully this information can help.