Causes Of Thymitis?
, what are the causes and symptoms of thymitis?
Hello good afternoon Aulia.
Thymitis is inflammation of the thymus gland. The thymus gland is located between the back of the breastbone and the heart. These glands function primarily in the immune system (immunity). This gland processes white blood cells into T lymphocytes, where T lymphocytes will also stimulate the formation of antibodies for the body's defense. One of the causes of thymitis is an autoimmune disease (loss of the body's defense cells to recognize the body's own cells), known as follicular lymphoid hyperplasia (autoimmune thymitis). Autoimmune thymitis is commonly found in patients with other autoimmune diseases such as myasthenia gravis, lupus disease, thyroid disease, and so on. In other types, namely true thymic hyperplasia, the cause can be in the form of long-term use of steroid therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other serious illnesses.
Symptoms that appear in inflammatory thymus gland disease can vary depending on the cause. In general, the symptoms of thymus gland disease are reduced immunity to various infections (susceptible to disease), muscle fatigue, difficulty breathing, etc. In autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis, where thymitis can occur (as described above), there is weakness of the muscles in the body, especially the muscles controlling the face, chewing function, menacing, talking, etc., so that the symptoms can include: drooping eyelids , abnormalities in facial expressions, double vision, difficulty chewing and swallowing food, shortness of breath, to weakness in neck, hand and leg muscles.
I hope this helps.
Greetings, dr. Denisa