Chances Are The Child Will Be Born Smallpox If The Mother Experiences Toxoplasmosis?

Illustration of Chances Are The Child Will Be Born Smallpox If The Mother Experiences Toxoplasmosis?
Illustration: Chances Are The Child Will Be Born Smallpox If The Mother Experiences Toxoplasmosis? static01.nyt.com

Afternoon doctor, I want to ask about toxoplasmosis. My girlfriend is positive for toxoplasmosis, if she has children, her child must be deformed? My neighbor never tested Toxoplasma. But he has 12 cats and has kept cats since he was a child, he already has 4 children and is all healthy. Please explain, thank you …

1 Answer:

Hello Nisa,

Thank you for using the HealthReplies.com service.

Toxoplasmosis is a condition where parasitic infections occur in the human body. Specifically for toxoplasmosis, the name of the infecting parasite is Toxoplasma gondii. In normal humans, toxoplasmosis often does not cause any symptoms until the person has recovered, because it can generally be resisted by the healthy human body's defense system. However, in some cases it can also cause general symptoms of infection, such as fever, runny nose, enlarged glands, etc. On the other hand, in certain conditions, humans are more susceptible to toxoplasmosis, such as patients who use immunosuppressant drugs, or patients with HIV / AIDS.

Especially for pregnant women, toxoplasmosis infection is very dangerous, because it is very easy to be transmitted to the fetus, and because the fetus does not yet have a perfect body defense, can cause pregnancy disability or miscarriage. However, this of course can not be ascertained 100%, because it is still very dependent on the condition of the host (mother) at that time, the condition of the fetus, incoming infections, and the process of treatment and healing of patients.

Likewise, even though T. gondii can be transmitted through cat feces, not all cat keepers are definitely affected by toxoplasmosis. Good and hygienic pet grooming can prevent the owner from getting toxoplasma infection. But it should also be remembered that the number of miscarriages and infant disabilities due to toxoplasmosis in Indonesia is still high. Therefore, pregnant women are advised not to take risks and as much as possible not to get infected.

In the examination of toxoplasmosis, it is usually done by examining IgG and IgM (antibodies against the parasite T. gondii). However, only positive IgM indicates that your friend is currently experiencing toxoplasmosis. IgG is positive but IgM is negative, indicating that the patient was once infected, but now no longer. I suggest to consult the obstetrician and gynecologist who treats the patient, so that if the results are truly positive, treatment and prevention can be done as deemed necessary.

Thus, hopefully you can answer your questions.

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