Cholesterol And Uric Acid?
Hello wr.wb, I have a question about cholesterol and uric acid. My father is 63 years old. He had 9 blood tests for uric acid and 298 cholesterol. Earlier he had been given drugs for simvastatin, omeric 100 and omegtamine. But I still worry about it. How dangerous is the disease? And what should I do to get my father’s cholesterol and uric acid down quickly. NThank you
Hello wr. wb. Mrs. Nur Khayati. Thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
I understand you are worried about your father's condition. Cholesterol is a blood fat which, if its levels increase, can cause dyslipidemia. In general, dyslipidemia does not cause symptoms and is only recognized when the patient has a routine examination. Apart from cholesterol levels, blood fat profiles that are routinely checked include LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. In general, in normal adult males, total cholesterol levels are less than 200 mg / dL, LDL cholesterol less than 100 mg / dL, HDL cholesterol 60 mg / dL or more, and triglyceride levels less than 150 mg / dL. An examination of the four panels is needed to determine the risk of heart and blood vessel disease that can occur due to increased blood fats. Other diseases can also increase this risk, so in certain circumstances, doctors sometimes target cholesterol levels that are lower than normal. Diseases that can aggravate the condition include a history of heart disease, diabetes mellitus, a history of stroke, and obesity. The doctor will perform an examination to determine whether there are signs of the disease. If there is, your doctor may give you a lower than normal cholesterol target to prevent complications. The complications that occur usually include heart and blood vessel disorders. If complications occur in the blood vessels in the brain, the patient can have a stroke.
Among the drugs that you mentioned, there is already a drug to lower cholesterol levels, namely Simvastatin. Make sure your father takes the drug after consulting a doctor. Patients also need to carry out routine controls to the doctor to see progress after therapy and detect whether complications have started to appear. Take simvastatin regularly according to the doctor's instructions.
In addition to drug use, patients should also change their lifestyle to be healthier. Mother and father should reduce fatty foods, especially saturated fat. Alcohol and cigarettes should also be avoided. Encourage your father to do light physical activity, such as walking or cycling, as much as you can. Do not force physical activity on your father too much, considering that he is quite advanced. Physical activity is enough to do about 30 minutes every day or at least 4-5 times a week. Take breaks between activities if your father feels tired or tight. Lifestyle changes are more important than drug administration. Some doctors only start drug therapy if lifestyle changes do not improve cholesterol levels.
Uric acid can be said to be high if the level is more than 7 mg / dL in adult men. High uric acid conditions can be caused by excess production of uric acid in the body or lack of uric acid removal by the body. If there are no complaints, usually the patient does not need medication. Patients simply change their lifestyle by drinking 8-10 glasses of water per day, maintaining ideal body weight, avoiding alcohol, and following a low-purine diet. On a low-purine diet, patients are asked to avoid foods with purine levels of 150-800 mg / 100 grams, such as ham, sausage, tripe, intestines, lungs, sardines, liver, kidney, heart, spleen, brain, meat broth, duck, birds. , goose, mussels and yeast. Patients are also asked to avoid drinks containing soda, alcohol, strong tea, or coffee. Also avoid foods that are fried or use coconut milk. Food should be boiled, steamed, braised, sauteed, dipepes, or baked. Expand to eat fruits and vegetables, eggs, and low-fat milk.
Make sure your father is always taken to a general practitioner or an internal medicine doctor for an examination and evaluation of how cholesterol and uric acid levels develop. The drop should not be rushed. Lifestyle changes like the ones I have mentioned should last a lifetime. Make changes little by little so that your father is willing to continue. Immediately take your father to the nearest doctor if there is chest pain, severe pain in the head accompanied by fainting, weakness in one side of the body, or pain in the joints.
That's my explanation. May be useful.