CMV IgG Examination Results?
Assalamualaikum I want to ask on 5_12_2018 I checked the CMV IgG and the result is 72.7 positive, is my ad firus or if I need it? Around the world, thanks
Hello Nabb Ellisa. Thank you for your question to HealthReplies.com.
CMV or Cytomegalovirus is a virus that can infect anyone, from infants to the elderly and causing disease. Transmission of this virus is through body fluids, such as blood, urine / urine, and also saliva. In adults where the immune system is good, usually the symptoms that appear in the form of symptoms of normal viral infections such as fever, cough / runny nose, headache, body aches, and so forth. Viral infections can heal on their own if the immune system is good.
Related to your question, there are antibodies (immune system) that are formed when there are germs that cause illnesses that enter. These antibodies are also called immunoglobulins (Ig). There are 5 classes of immunoglobulins in the body, namely:
IgM, which is an antibody that first appeared at the time of the infection (indicating the infection is ongoing / has just happened). IgM levels will increasingly decrease until finally undetected in people who have long been infected.
IgG. IgG is the most widely circulating antibody in blood vessels and is ready to fight bacteria, viruses, or other toxic compounds. IgG can penetrate the placenta, thereby giving the fetus immunity against the infection.
IgA is formed in mucous membranes on surfaces, for example in saliva, tears, sweat. IgA is also found in breast milk which is useful for preventing digestive tract infections in infants.
IgE is an antibody that plays a role in the emergence of allergic reactions.
IgD, an antibody that attaches to the surface of white blood cells and plays a role in changing the shape of white blood cells.
In your condition, high anti-CMV IgG indicates that you have been infected with CMV (before). However, it should be noted also the levels of IgM. If the IgM level is also high / positive, it might indicate that you are experiencing a new infection.
Measurement of these antibodies to CMV is important, especially for expectant mothers (who are planning a pregnancy). This is usually a routine examination before pregnancy along with tests for toxoplasma and rubella infections. This examination is important to do because these conditions can cause congenital abnormalities in babies who are quite severe. For CMV itself, the effect on the fetus if a new mother is infected during pregnancy can be in the form of a low baby weight, small baby's head size, interference with the baby's brain, disorders of the liver / liver, and many more.
If you are still unsure or worried, you can consult directly with the doctor who gave the introduction to the examination and discuss the results of other examinations.
You can also read articles about: Understanding the Types and Functions of Antibody Tests.
That's all, hopefully it's useful and I hope you are always healthy.