Complications Of Osteoarthritis
hello doc I want to ask, what are the complications that often occur in osteoarthritis sufferers? and please explain in short doc. thank you
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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease that is often found in patients, where this disease illustrates the irritation of the cartilage that leads to joint damage. OA often occurs in large joints such as the hands, knees, hip, or spine. This condition arises because the degeneration process in cartilage or cartilage of bone is getting heavier along with the patient's age or due to the trauma process.
Patients with OA can experience comorbid complaints in the form of:
Redness in the joint area
Warmth in the joints, especially in the acute phase
Impaired movement or joint stiffness
These complaints arise depending on the stage of the OA itself, where the OA stage can be assessed from stage 0 to stage 4 or from the normal stage to severe stage. Patients with complaints of pain, can be felt starting with stage one or two, but stage two often gives a picture of pain in patients with OA. Each stage requires different evaluation and control, depending on the patient's clinical condition.
Risk factors for the emergence of OA can be:
Burden of activity against the knee
Gender, often occurs in women
If since stage 1 or the emergence of complaints in stage 2 do not immediately get a good treatment or prevention according to risk factors, then this OA complaint will further develop and cause more severe disorders or risky complications, such as:
Risk of falling due to non-optimal support
Pain that is increasingly disturbing
Impaired work productivity
Anxiety and depression due to complaints of pain and perceived limitations of movement
Spontaneous spontaneous fractures
Impaired function of the tendons and surrounding muscles
Nerve suppression due to bone spure formation
Therefore, if a person has risk factors such as getting older, or heavy work or obesity, then the crew should conduct periodic evaluations of the risk of OA complaints. For example, if you are 32 years old and have a history of obesity, obesity will increase the burden on the knee, so it will increase the risk of joint damage or the occurrence of OA. By evaluating periodic examinations to the doctor, and idealizing weight, this risk will be smaller and the emergence of OA problems can be avoided.
However, all this does require an evaluation and direct examination by your orthopedist. The doctor will conduct interviews, physical and radiological examinations if needed; this will help determine the presence or absence of joint abnormalities and the extent of joint damage. Handling will be given as early as possible to prevent severe joint damage and to reduce joint burden against the risk of OA.
Some things such as adequate sleep, regular exercise, not being obese or avoiding heavy burden on the joints will help prevent the risk of OA complaints or slow down OA cases that might be felt later.
Thus the info we can convey.