Illustration of Cough
Illustration: Cough

Hello..!! Doc, I want to ask my child to be 3 years and 8 months old. My child has been coughing for 1 week already. It’s hard to breathe. Please help doc.

1 Answer:

Hello Asrul,

Thank you for the question.

Coughing accompanied by annoying sounds when breathing in children can occur due to mild factors, but can also be serious. First, try to observe, how many times your baby breathe in 1 minute? Does the breathing seem fast or deep? Does he also experience additional respiratory muscle movements (such as nasal lobe breathing, excessive neck and chest muscles), fever, vomiting, inactivity, fussiness, difficulty eating and drinking, cold sweat, or other more severe complaints?

If your child does not experience rapid breathing, shortness, or other danger signals as we have mentioned above, it is most likely that the condition is not dangerous, but occurs because of a mild respiratory infection (acute respiratory infection), allergic, dry throat, even it could be due to irritation in his respiratory tract. This condition can be treated first by:

 Give your child lots of warm water Don't give him cold, greasy and sweetened foods and drinks Give him lots of fruits rich in vitamin C Keep him away from air conditioning and fans that are too cold, dust, pollution, smoke, and other things that make him allergic Use humidifier water if possible Bathe children in the morning and evening with warm water, diligently wash their hands, keep the surrounding environment clean too Make sure people who are often in contact with children are always clean, not having a fever, cough, runny nose, and sneeze. out of the house, except for emergencies, it must also use a mask Sometimes, coughing in children can also indicate more serious conditions, for example severe allergic reactions, bronchitis, pneumonia, reflux of gastric acid, aspiration of foreign bodies, asthma, even also because of COVID-19 that's been plaguing lately. Therefore, if the complaint does not improve with the steps above, or if there are signs of danger as we alluded to earlier, it is better to check your child directly to the doctor or pediatrician to be treated further according to the cause, yes.

I hope this helps.

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