Cough With Itchy Throat?

Illustration of Cough With Itchy Throat?
Illustration: Cough With Itchy Throat?

Hello, I want to ask, I have been coughing for about a week, my throat feels itchy and my coughing is not frequent, so when I drink water it doesn’t cough, I also don’t feel a fever or flu. How is that?

1 Answer:

Hello Fida,

Thank you for consulting

Itching in the throat accompanied by coughing is generally caused by a viral or bacterial infection. In addition, local irritation or allergic reactions can cause similar symptoms.

Viral infections are generally associated with the transition season, which affects the temperature and humidity of the surrounding environment, where this facilitates the transmission of certain viruses between humans, or between animals and humans. While bacterial infections can occur through transmission between humans or as a result of secondary infections.

This secondary infection by bacteria occurs because the microenvironment of the throat experiences local damage due to an inflammatory reaction that is triggered either by a viral infection, allergic reaction or local irritation, which facilitates bacterial growth. As for if itching and coughing that you experience is associated with local irritation or allergies, there should be a trigger.

Another thing that is no less important is, regarding virus infection. Lately, responding to the threat of a pandemic coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), or better known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, then for any respiratory tract infection, consideration should be given to possible infection of this virus. Nevertheless, don't panic too. Because to suspect a respiratory infection leading to COVID-19 infection, there are several criteria that support, including:

 Clinical features: The clinical symptoms of COVID-19 infection sometimes mimic an ordinary respiratory tract infection, such as nasal congestion, coughing, sore throat, headache and fever. But in COVID-19 infection, high fever was found (exceeding 38 degrees Celsius), and also found severe shortness of breath. A history of traveling to areas or countries infected with COVID-19 infections (for example South Korea, China, Italy, Singapore, Japan, Malaysia, Vietnam and other countries) within the last 14 days or in the transmission area local Have a history of contact with people who have tested positive for COVID-19 infection. If the condition you are experiencing leads to the above, especially if you find a high fever and severe shortness of breath, then immediately call the 119 extension 9 hotline or check it immediately to the nearest health facility which is classified as a corona infection referral facility. Don't forget to use a mask and provide an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with an alcohol content of at least 60%. The exact diagnosis is made based on history taking, physical examination and supporting examination by a doctor at the nearest corona infection referral health facility. In addition, also facilitates everyone to be able to carry out a self-assessment whether those who have a risk of contracting the corona virus or not, can be accessed here.

But if not, you should limit activities outside the home, unless it's really necessary. It may be that you only have a non-specific infection or other condition as described above; or, you belong to a group of people who have been infected with the corona virus, but have mild symptoms. Because corona virus infection has a broad spectrum of symptoms, ranging from mild symptoms (and even in certain people not found any symptoms) to severe symptoms, as described in point 1 above.

One factor that contributes to the severity of symptoms is the person's immune system or immune system. Those who are prone to severe symptoms are the elderly, have a history of diabetes mellitus, suffer from malnutrition, or receive long-term immune suppression therapy (for example, in patients with lupus or other autoimmune diseases). They are the ones who really need medical help when COVID-19 infection attacks them.

As for the group with a relatively better immune system, especially those who only suffer mild or no symptoms, can act as carriers or spreaders who spread the virus without being noticed by the person concerned or the people around him, so that it can expand the spread of this virus. Therefore, to break the chain of transmission of this virus, if you do not experience clinical symptoms as stated in point 1 above, or do not have a history of traveling as the criteria listed in point 2, or contact history (point 3), more better treat yourself at home. Get plenty of rest, keep it clean by always washing your hands with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds (double cleansing is better) before touching eyes, eyes and mouth; or with alcohol-based hand sanitizers (at least 60%) as a second alternative. In addition, eat regularly with a balanced nutritional consumption pattern, take vitamins and drink plenty of water.

Thus information from me, hopefully can be useful

thank you

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