Danger Of Wrong Injection Of Vit K And HB 0?
Good evening, I am a health worker. I want to ask what are the impacts and dangers if I do the HB 0 and Vit K1 injection locations on BBL? Please answer
Hello Sri Yuliati S,
Injection of vitamin K in newborns is useful to increase the amount of vitamin K in the baby's body that is lacking. Vitamin K is very important for the process of blood clotting, so the baby does not bleed easily. Including reducing the risk of acquired prothrombin complex deficiency - spontaneous bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency, which can cause intracerebral (brain) bleeding. Therefore, injection of vitamin K must be done in newborns.
Hepatitis B vaccine is a vaccine given to newborns. The administration of hepatitis B vaccine to newborns aims to protect babies from hepatitis B virus infection. Hepatitis B virus can cause chronic abnormalities in the liver that are irreversible. Hepatitis B vaccine is still given to infants even if the mother is hepatitis B negative. However, if the baby is born to a mother with a positive HBsAg, then in addition to the hepatitis B vaccine the baby should also be given Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HbIg).
The best route for giving vitamin K and hepatitis B vaccine is intramuscular. In newborns the area that is easily visualized and safe is in the vastus lateral muscle (the anterolateral thigh side). In some protocols it is mentioned that injection of vitamin K is given on the left thigh while the hepatitis B vaccine is injected on the right thigh. Determination of this location is only for uniformity, easy to remember, and easy identification if there is a reaction in the former injection. If there is an injection mark on the left thigh in a newborn baby then another examiner can guess that an injection of vitamin K has been given. When you have given vitamin K in the left thigh, the hepatitis B vaccine must be in the other thigh. Injections of vitamin K and hepatitis B should not be done on the same thigh.
There are no impacts and hazards if the injection site of vitamin K and hepatitis B vaccine are exchanged. Vitamin K is on the right and hepatitis B is on the left. As long as the vaccine and vitamin K are given according to the dosage and use the correct method of injecting the injection and the vaccine remain effective. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.