Dangers And Treatment Of Leaky Heart Defects From Birth?
rnu003cp style=”border: 0px; font-family: museosans300, sans-serif; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; margin: 0px 0px 20px; padding: 0px; word-wrap: break- word; line-height: 23px; color: #000000;”u003my 20 month old son has a congenital heart defect, 0.2 cm ASD u0026amp; when he was 19 months old, it was known that there was an MR Mild abnormality.
Thanks for asking at HealthReplies.com. Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart disease in which a gap is found in the wall that separates the atria of the heart. Normally the heart consists of 4 chambers, namely two atria (atria) of the heart and two chambers (ventricles) of the heart. The right and left heart chambers are separated by a wall/septum. Blood from all over the body will enter the right atrium and then into the right ventricle. This blood is then transported to the lungs to bind oxygen. This oxygen-rich blood will flow into the left atrium and then the left ventricle. From the left ventricle, this oxygen-rich blood will flow throughout the body. The existence of a hole in the wall that separates the two atria causes oxygen-rich blood in the left atrium to flow into the right atrium because the pressure in the left atrium is greater than the right atrium. This continuous disturbance of blood flow can cause symptoms in sufferers such as shortness of breath, palpitations, swelling of the legs and abdomen.
The mitral valve is the valve that separates the left atrium and the left ventricle. Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a condition in which blood flows back from the left ventricle to the left atrium. The severity of MR is divided into mild (mild), moderate (moderate), or severe (severe). The severity of MR is assessed by echocardiography which assesses blood flow returning from the left ventricle to the left atrium. This condition can become dangerous if it gets worse. Severe MR can cause large volumes of blood to accumulate in the atria. This blood will then flow back into the left ventricle and the left ventricle must pump the blood more forcefully. At one time this condition can cause disruption of the heart muscle and heart failure. If heart failure occurs, the sufferer may experience chest pain, severe shortness of breath, and swelling of the body that gets worse.
The presence of ASD and MR can cause disruption of blood flow which can then lead to a buildup of blood in the heart cavity. Diuretics are drugs used to reduce the volume of body fluids so that the volume of blood decreases and ultimately reduces the burden on the heart to pump blood. In larger ASD surgery is usually required to close this hole so that further disturbances in heart function can be treated.
Please continue to check your child's condition at a cardiologist according to the doctor's recommendations for control. Please also undergo the treatment recommended by the doctor.
Hope this information is useful.