Difference Between Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) And Myelodisplasia Syndrome (MDS)?

Illustration of Difference Between Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) And Myelodisplasia Syndrome (MDS)?
Illustration: Difference Between Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) And Myelodisplasia Syndrome (MDS)? researchgate.net

Good evening, I want to ask about the disease of low platelets. What is the difference between ITP and MDS? Are the two symptoms different and are these two diseases curable? Thank you.

1 Answer:

Hello! Thank you for the question on HealthReplies.com

Do the two diseases that you mean namely ITP lead to Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura and MDS lead to Myelodysplasia Syndrome?

If so, ITP and MDS have different mechanisms for occurring. ITP is caused by the body's immune system that attacks platelet components (pieces of blood). In fact, platelets are blood components that play a role in blood clotting. A decrease in platelet counts will cause the body to bleed easily, which can be observed as bleeding under the skin (red spots), bleeding gums, gastrointestinal bleeding, and the heaviest is brain bleeding.

MDS is a disease characterized by abnormalities in the formation of blood cells in the organ that produces it, namely the spinal cord. Similar to ITP, in MDS also generally occurs a decrease in platelets (blood chips), making it vulnerable to bleeding in the body. But the difference with ITP, in MDS, in addition to decreased production of platelets that function normally, this disease is also accompanied by abnormalities in the formation of other blood components such as red blood cells and white blood cells. Thus, due to the decreasing number of red blood cells and white blood that function normally, as a result of MDS, in addition to being vulnerable to bleeding (due to a decrease in blood chips), symptoms of anemia (weakness, fatigue, weakness, etc.) due to low functioning red blood cells normal, and the body will also be vulnerable to infection (due to lack of white blood cells that function normally).

That's all the explanation from me, hopefully it helps and useful :)

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