Difference Between Perianal Fistula And Perianal Abscess?
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An abscess with a fistula is 2 different conditions. However, abscesses can be one of the causes of fistulas. Next we explain the explanation.
An abscess is a sac in which contains pus due to infection, especially bacterial infection. An abscess that forms around the anus is also called a perianal abscess. Clinically, this condition is often characterized by a lump or swelling that is reddish, feels warm, painful, and has a soft consistency. In some cases, abscesses can also be embedded deep in the skin surface, so it is not easily visible in plain view. As a result of inflammation that occurs in perianal abscesses, sufferers often also experience fever, chills, muscle and joint pain, as well as other sensations of being unwell. This perianal abscess often occurs with anal fissures, sexually transmitted infections, blocked glands in the anus, colitis, intestinal inflammation, diabetes, diverticulitis, pelvic inflammation, and so on.
Pus that builds up in the abscess bag, if it does not get a fast and precise handling, can find a way out to form a tunnel that leads to the surface of the skin. This condition is called the perianal fistula. With the formation of perianal fistula, the symptoms of perianal abscess that previously appeared can seem to improve, but accompanied by discharge of pus that is often accompanied by blood and odor from the area around the anus.
If you experience abscesses and / or perianal fistulas, you should see a doctor or surgeon directly. Most cases of perianal abscess and / or fistula need to be treated with surgery and administration of several types of drugs, including antibiotics if the cause is a bacterial infection. The danger or not this condition depends of course on the cause and severity. However, with prompt and appropriate handling, there is often the risk of dangerous complications, such as disorders of the muscles and nerves around the anus and the spread of infection to other distant organs which can be prevented and treated properly.
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