Difference In Pain Due To Heart Attack And Acute Coronary Syndrome?
good night, what is the difference between myocardial infarction and Acute Coronary Syndrome, are the characteristics of the pain the same and how is the treatment?
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Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) describes the occurrence of symptoms of acute oxygen deficiency in the heart that can vary from unstable angina (UA), NSTEMI (Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction), to STEMI (ST-elevation myocardial infarction). In UA, there has been no death (infarction) in heart muscle cells. The heart muscle cells do indeed experience a lack of oxygen intake due to a fairly large blockage in the heart's blood vessels (or the so-called coronary arteries), but the blockage does not cover the total blood flow so as not to cause death in the heart muscle cells.
Myocardial infarction or also known as heart attack is the occurrence of death in heart muscle cells. Myocardial infarction itself can be categorized as NSTEMI or STEMI depending on the patient's ECG picture, but both of them have found an increase in cardiac enzymes.
Symptoms are found more or less the same, namely chest pain such as heavy objects pressed, pain can spread to the left shoulder, left neck, left arm, back, can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting / decreased consciousness, shortness of breath, feeling of not quiet. In ACS, these symptoms can appear at any time, during activity or rest (different from stable angina where symptoms usually only appear during activity only and disappear at rest).
If you or any of your colleagues experience any of the symptoms mentioned above (or experience a sudden loss of consciousness), call an ambulance immediately and take it to the hospital. Learning to do basic life support (BLS) can help save someone's life so it is highly recommended to do so. If you or your colleague already has risk factors or has shown symptoms of stable angina (symptoms such as ACS, but only appears during activity), immediately consult a cardiologist for prevention so as not to cause a heart attack.
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