Differences Between Autism And Somatoform Disorders?
what is the difference between autism and somatoform
Autism or what is called the autism spectrum disorder includes autism, Asperger's syndrome, Heller's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorders. Autism itself is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a person's ability in terms of social interaction, communication and behavior.
The cause of autism is not known with certainty but it is suspected that genetic and environmental influences cause it. Symptoms of autism are disorders of social interaction patterns and communication (slow speech, insensitivity, not expressing emotions, rarely using body language, avoiding eye contact, lack of expression, flat tone of speech, and not understanding general social interactions), as well as disturbances in behavior patterns ( often do repetitive movements and get annoyed if they are disturbed, can't stay still, and are very fixated on one particular topic). Sometimes people with autism are also accompanied by other disorders such as depression, obsessive compulsive disorders, anxiety disorders, and learning disorders.
Meanwhile, regarding somatoform disorders, somatoform disorders are a condition where there are physical complaints from the patient, but when a doctor examines them, there is no physical abnormality. Although there was no physical abnormality found, the patient's complaints were real and not imagined. Somatoform disorders usually appear when a person is stressed or has a lot of thoughts. More details about somatoform disorders have been discussed by our colleagues in your previous question on the Different Somatoform and Psychosomatic links.
Autism and somatoform disorders are different and they treat differently. To determine whether the complaint you feel is a somatoform disorder or not, a doctor's examination is needed. You can further consult with a psychiatric specialist or psychiatrist (SPKJ) regarding your complaint. The doctor will do a thorough examination to confirm your condition and then provide the right treatment for you.
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Thank you and hope it helps,
dr. Devika Y