Distinguish The Symptoms Of The Common Cold With The Symptoms Of Corona

Illustration of Distinguish The Symptoms Of The Common Cold With The Symptoms Of Corona
Illustration: Distinguish The Symptoms Of The Common Cold With The Symptoms Of Corona cdc.gov

Morning, Saturday (Day 1) yesterday I started experiencing u003cstrong u003 a cold and a sore throat u003c / strong u003e. Then Sunday (Day 2) I started experiencing u003cstrong u003 fever, headaches and mild diarrhea u003c / strong u003e. Then Monday (Day 3) got worse because of u003cstrong u003 fever and body ache u003c / strong u003e. I was able to go to the clinic but the doctor recommended that I be taken to the hospital only for COVID-19 examination and did not give me any diagnosis but only gave me medicine for influenza symptoms. I said yesterday to the clinic doctor “My plan is to isolate myself until tomorrow, if tomorrow the symptoms are still the same then appear shortness of breath then I will go to RSU”. thank God after eating enough, full day rest, and taking the medicine given, on this Tuesday morning (Day 4) I feel:

1 Answer:

Hello Nabil Dhiya Ulhaq,

Corona virus disease (Covid-19) is a disease caused by infection with a new type of corona virus called Sars-CoV-2. So far the transmission (transmission) that has been proven is through droplets coughing / sneezing sufferers and items contaminated with droplets, which are then in direct contact with the nasal mucosa, mouth or eyes or when your hands touch the item and touch the nasal mucosa, mouth, or eyes.

Because this virus is relatively new, from various case reports, the average incubation period is 14 days (can be faster or longer). So when infected, about 14 days later you will experience symptoms. This virus attacks the respiratory tract and can attack the new respiratory tract namely the lungs and cause pneumonia (severe pneumonia). Severe clinical symptoms are generally experienced by those who have weak immune systems such as the elderly and people with chronic comorbidities such as HIV / AIDS, COPD, diabetes mellitus, etc., so need further medical treatment. Therefore medical examination and treatment are prioritized for these Covid-19 patients.

Difficult to distinguish Covid-19 with a cold cough (common cold), flu (influenza virus infection) or other respiratory tract infections because the symptoms are the same. However, if you have a history:

 In the last 14 days traveling abroad / area by local transmission (including in the country) or Contact with people who are now positive Covid-19 or suspected Covid-19 (usually from the government there is also tracking of patient information) You can contact hotline 119 ext 9 or other hotline numbers provided by your local government to get guidance on whether you need further inspection (based on criteria and flow of inspection) and what action you need to take.

The diagnosis of covid-19 requires investigations such as chest X-ray, chest CT scan, blood examination, and especially airway swab examination that has proven to be positive for the Covid-19 virus. These examinations do take a significant amount of money, so that they are still prioritized for people who are suspected of being Covid-19 from the criteria and have not been used as a screening (meaning everyone is examined despite being healthy / asymptomatic).

Based on a circular from the RI Minister of Health, the protocol for self-isolation is as follows:

 If it hurts, stay at home. Avoid going to school, workplaces, crowded places, so as not to infect others. If you are sick with mild symptoms, please take a rest at home and take OTC medicines (over-the-counter) to relieve your symptoms if necessary. If you feel the need, please check with the nearest health facility. For example fever 3 days> 38 degrees Celsius does not also go down after consumption of fever-lowering, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and other severe symptoms, please go to the nearest health facility. People in Monitoring (suspect) = people who have symptoms of fever / respiratory symptoms with a history of the country / local transmission area, and / or people who have no symptoms but have had close contact with positive patients Covid-19 must contact the hotline or health facility that has been determined the government and based on further instructions are required to isolate themselves for 14 days to obtain laboratory results (declaring negative or positive). When doing self-isolation at home: Perform periodic temperature monitoring and clinical symptoms at home. Avoid contact with other family members, activities in separate rooms. Wear a mask if you have a cold cough. Wash your hands with running water and soap regularly. Use separate eating and drinking utensils or those that are always washed thoroughly after use. Practice the correct cough ethic. Keep a minimum distance of 1 meter from other people If severe symptoms appear immediately contact the hotline or the nearest health facility If the laboratory results prove positive Covid-19 then: Patients will be isolated and treated in a special hospital based on the recommendations of medical staff, especially for patients with severe symptoms or comorbidities. So far, patients who have been cured of Covid-19 have immunity to the virus, so the possibility of re-infection and becoming back ache is relatively small. Most Covid-19 patients experience a mild course of the disease that is initially mild and increasingly severe with the most common symptoms being found, which is higher fever (> 38 degrees Celsius measured with a thermometer), dry cough, tiredness, expectoration, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, bone pain - joints, and sore throat. Patients who have recovered, generally no longer complain of these acute symptoms.

Differentiating influenza from covid-19 cannot be done only by clinical symptoms. If none of your conditions have improved, you should continue to isolate yourself for a total of 14 days and practice social distancing and clean and healthy living behaviors such as outstanding appeals. Contact the hotline if you have the histories mentioned above. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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