Do You Need Tetanus Injection After Getting Stuck In A Pin?
, 5 days ago my finger was pricked by a pin which was a little rusty and bled a little but I had washed it with water. If I have a TT vaccine after 6 days of being stabbed, the chance of tetanus is very small? thank you.
Hello Jessiellyn, thanks for asking.
Stab wounds have a risk of tetanus, especially if the wound is dirty. This is because, in stab wounds, especially those with puncture holes, a number of anaerobic bacteria can be trapped in the wound. Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not need oxygen for life. This type of bacteria when exposed to oxygen, the bacteria actually die. One type of bacteria that is anaerobic is Clostridium tetani which causes tetanus.
This disease can be fatal, because it causes the muscles to contract continuously so that it becomes paralyzed. If the affected breathing muscles become paralyzed, breathing can stop. That is what causes fatalities in tetanus.
You should consult with your doctor directly. The doctor will cleanse the wound by irrigation. If deemed necessary, the doctor will make an incision so that the inside of the wound can be cleaned, and exposed to oxygen. This oxygen exposure will make the tetanus bacteria die. In addition, most doctors will give injections of serum tetanus toxoid and tetanus vaccination. The tetanus serum contains immunoglobulin which, once entered the body, will directly work to attack the elderly bacteria. The tetanus vaccine is given if you haven't received the tetanus vaccine in the last 5 years. The tetanua vaccine is still given even if someone has received serum tetanus, because:
- Immunoglobulins obtained from serum tetanus will gradually decrease. So the body needs to form its own immunoglobulin to fight tetanus.
- Immunoglobulin against tetanus will be formed by the body after the body has received the vaccine. From the time the vaccine is given until the body forms immunoglobulin, it takes several weeks to months.
So, for the body to fight tetanus bacteria, immunoglobulin from serum is needed to immediately fight bacteria. At the same time, the body forms its own immunoglobulin gradually. So that when the serum immunoglobulin has decreased, the body already has immunoglobulins that are formed by the body. Therefore, please consult this matter with your doctor and keep the wound clean.
Hope this answer helps. Regards.