Does Stunting Have A Category?
, permit to ask whether stunting has categories such as low, medium, high?
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Stunting is a short stature on a child which indicates that the child is experiencing interference with his nutritional needs. However, short stature is not necessarily stunting. Short stature can be influenced by genetics of the height of the parents, as well as due to environmental influences, especially nutrition, including the amount, type, and method of administration.
Based on the Indonesian Pediatrician Association, there is no division of stunting categories. Short stature itself refers to the nutritional status of infants based on body length according to age (PB / U) or height according to age (TB / U) on the WHO growth curve. A baby must be measured in nutritional status through measurements of body weight and length / height. It is said stunting if the length / height based on age below z-score -2SD on the growth curve and underweight nutritional status based on body weight.
Stunting or short stature aimed at infants / children who have nutritional deficiencies / thin, and are known to have chronic infections. This condition is generally caused by inappropriate feeding of portions, types of food and how they are given. Parenting patterns play an important role in the child's condition. Besides the unclean environmental conditions can also increase the risk of stunting.
The risk of stunting will not be seen in a short time, but it will affect the growth and development of children in the long term, including decreasing IQ, affecting brain development, reducing endurance so it is susceptible to repeated infections, decreased social ability, increasing the risk of non-communicable diseases in the age old, etc.
To prevent stunting, optimal nutritional fulfillment is needed from the womb until the child is 2 years old. That 1000 days is a golden period for toddlers to grow and develop optimally. Improve child parenting. If the child has difficulty eating, give a varied menu choice because the child likes to feel bored and tends to choose foods that he likes. In addition, keep the environment clean. Optimal growth of children by checking every month body weight and height at a child health center or posyandu. Consult with a pediatrician if there are complaints to get more complete and relevant information.
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