Does The Tetanus Vaccine More Than 6 Hours After Being Injured Provide No Protection?
, my younger brother is 21 years old. Affected by rusty nails, when we first hit the nails we only gave ginger to the wound. 3 days later we brought to the doctor but not injected only given antibiotics u0026amp; ointment for wounds, the next day because he felt still shocked, we brought it again to a different doctor, we asked for an injection, but the doctor said it should be taken too late for less than 6 hours. But finally I was injected with TT. My question is, Is it true that being late for more than 6 hours has no effect? Then how long can the healing of tetanus recover completely?
p dir = "ltr"> Hello, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com
Tetanus is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium clostridium tetani, which is present in the form of spores around us such as soil, grass, wood, animal waste and human waste. Bacteria will multiply in living tissue where there is no oxygen. Thus, in Vulnus laceratum (torn wounds), Vulnus punctum (puncture wounds), combustion (burns), open fractures, otitis media, contaminated wounds and umbilical cord injuries are at risk of becoming tetanus. Bacteria will release toxins that can attack the nervous system so that sufferers experience stiffness and muscle spasms.
Patients with this disease will need intensive care. About 50% of cases cannot be saved / died. The patients who can recover from tetanus are patients who really get intensive care in a hospital with complete facilities. Patients will experience seizures - seizures that gain weight in the first three days. Seizures persist for 5-7 days. After 10 days, the frequency of seizures begins to decrease and after 2 weeks the seizures disappear. While muscle stiffness will disappear most quickly starting in the 4th week. The total recovery time will vary in each case, depending on the severity of the disease.
Therefore, prevention of tetanus in every injury is very important. Where prevention includes identifying the type of wound (whether the wound is at risk of tetanus or not), wound care (including cleaning the wound, cutting dead tissue and taking foreign objects if present), giving active immunization (TT or DPT vaccine), giving passive immunization (anti-tetanus serum / ATS or human tetanus immunoglobulin / HTIG) and antibiotics. Not all injuries get tetanus prevention above. As with light and clean wounds but have never received tetanus vaccination, the patient can be given the vaccine according to the schedule of administration. You can read more here and here.
Thus hopefully useful.