Effects Of HIV On The Brain?

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danger posed at the stage of brain disorders (central nervous system) what HIV / AIDS sufferers

1 Answer:

Hello Yuni, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com


HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that attacks the immune system, and damages the immune system so that the infected body is very vulnerable to disease. When someone is infected with HIV, the virus also attacks CD4 cells, which are cells that help and destroy microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. When many CD4 cells are destroyed by HIV, the body is easily infected and attacked by diseases, cancer, impaired brain and nerve function.


And some opportunistic infections can also occur in people with HIV infection, where opportunistic infections are microorganisms that rarely infect a person with a normal immune system. It is said to be opportunistic, when microorganisms take advantage of the situation, namely low human immunity due to HIV infection. And the presence of opportunistic infections is a sign that someone with HIV infection has AIDS, namely Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.


Then due to the immune system and CD 4 cells that are destroyed, complications that often occur and become a serious problem, namely opportunistic infections. Where this infection can attack several organs of the body such as the brain, eyes, oral cavity, lung, and digestive system. When infecting the brain this condition is called cryptococcal meningitis which is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spine due to fungus.


Besides opportunistic infections, other complications that are also serious and potentially life-threatening are nerve, kidney, and cancer disorders.


Symptoms manifestations of the central nervous system in patients with HIV / AIDS are chronic neurodegenative conditions that are characterized by cognitive impairment, impaired muscle strength, and behavioral disorders or this condition is called HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND). In the condition of HAND, a nerve deficit or negligence that is often encountered is the problem of focusing attention, impaired concentration, memory, memory, the process of receiving information. Where when there is a disruption in memory, this condition can be called dementia. And motor impairment in the form of paralysis, ataxia, balance disorders, tremors. While the behavioral disorders that can arise are, irritability, aggression, hallucinations, and other psychotic disorders. Because the brain is the central nervous system that regulates the entire human body, then if there is dredging complications that arise are also disorders of other bodily functions.


Regarding the dangers posed to people with HIV / AIDS is very broad, ranging from opportunistic infections that can threaten life, other complications such as nervous system disorders and cancer are also serious complications. So that at the stage where the damage to brain function has involved a system of regulating human consciousness, it can also cause a decrease in consciousness. The course of HIV / AIDS in each person can vary depending on the clinical condition of each patient.


That's all the answers from, we hope it will be useful.

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