Effects Of Thyroid Disease On Pregnant Women?
at noon doctor, I am intani 24 years, just married, a month ago and will undergo a pregnancy program, for metabolic problems hyper/hypothyroid, will it affect the fetus and mother? Because I have a history of unspecified thyroid disease, which according to the lab is hyper, but according to clinical hypo, I last checked with the doctor on January 18th. Please explain, doctor. Thank you
certain disease conditions that are owned by pregnant women can affect the growth and development of the fetus they are carrying. First of all, the thyroid is a gland that produces thryoid hormone based on the regulation of the hormones released from the brain. The function of thyroid hormone itself is quite important for the fetus, where this hormone plays a major role in the formation and development of the brain and nervous system.
In pregnant women with low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism), the baby is at risk of developing what is known as congenital hypothyroidism, which can be temporary or permanent. Because of its role in brain development, one of the manifestations of congenital hypothyroidism is mental retardation. However, with early detection of this condition in pregnancy and prompt and appropriate treatment from birth, the effects of congenital hypothyroidism can be minimized. In addition, hypothyroidism in pregnant women can also cause babies to be born with low weight, premature birth, to fetal death in the womb.
As for the condition of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy (increased levels of thyroid hormone in the blood), the effect on the mother is a risk factor for hypertension in pregnancy, which can lead to pre-eclampsia (organ disorders such as kidneys, liver), eclampsia (pregnant women have seizures and threaten the safety of the fetus). ), separation of the placenta before delivery, and in the fetus in the form of premature birth, stunted fetal development in the womb, until the death of the fetus in the womb.
The condition of this thyroid hormone disorder would be better controlled before starting a pregnancy program, therefore make sure you consult with both an internal medicine doctor and an obstetrician regarding the development of your condition and the best treatment for the mother and the prospective fetus because of course the doctor will understand better. with your medical history and course of illness. Even during pregnancy, the mother must continue to take medication for thyroid hormone disorders to minimize the effects and complications during pregnancy.
You can read more about this topic in the articles: hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism
I hope this information is helpful.
Regards, dr. Delvira