Examination To Detect Tuberculosis In Children?
can only the mantoux test and x-ray test on the baby be able to measure tuberculosis? My twins happened to be tested positively by Mantoux. Are they guaranteed to be infected with tuberculosis? Thank you …
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The Mantoux test is intended to assess whether antibodies in the body are formed due to infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB). Mantoux examination results are positive if there are signs of inflammation and induration at the injection site. The positive Mantoux results do not always indicate that the person is suffering from TB. In general, apart from TB, positive baby Mantux test results can also indicate the following conditions:
The baby comes in close contact with other active TB sufferers
Infants in TB endemic environments (including Indonesia)
Infants in high density populations (including Indonesia)
Infants with weak immune systems, for example carcinoma malabsorption, low weight, malnutrition, leukemia, babies undergoing long-term corticosteroid therapy, experience end-stage kidney disease
Babies who have received BCG immunization
Babies who have experienced TB pain, but are cured, and so on
Therefore, the interpretation of the Mantoux test results cannot be done independently. The doctor also needs to compare the results of the Mantoux test with other tests conducted, including interviews (to detect possible close contact with other TB sufferers), physical examination (to assess nutritional status, enlarged lymph nodes, examine the lungs, and other organs), X-rays, blood tests, and so on.
Therefore, you should not worry too much. Consult directly with your child's doctor or specialist so that the results of the examination can be interpreted appropriately. Even if your baby is indeed detected positive for TB, then prompt and timely treatment can often cure this disease, without leaving serious complications.
Hope this helps ...