Examination To Determine The Condition Of Narrowing Of The Heart Arteries?
Good night doctor …
Hello Setiyo Budi, thank you for asking.
Everyone certainly knows the dangers of smoking. It's just that someone might not have succeeded in stopping these bad habits. The results of thousands of studies suggest that the adverse effects of smoking on the body are comprehensive. The most commonly found effect is damage to blood vessels. Dozens of harmful chemicals in cigarettes, creating the danger of oxidative stress on endothelial cells making up the walls of blood vessels. Oxidative stress then causes damage to endothelial cells causing damage to blood vessel walls.
Narrowing of blood vessel cavity due to cell damage and due to cholesterol plaque. Damaged blood vessel walls cause easy buildup of cholesterol, other types of lipids, and blood clotting factors. Over time, plaque occurs that narrows the cavity of the arteries.
Narrowing coronary blood vessels cause the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the heart muscle to be disrupted. Heart muscle can experience injury and death. Damaged heart muscle will cause heart pump function to decrease. As a result, blood flow to all organs of the body is obstructed. The effect can be in the form of heart attack, angina pectoris, narrowing of leg arteries, stroke, hypertension, organ damage such as liver and kidney.
You can consult a specialist heart and blood vessels. The doctor will conduct a basic physical examination and give advice on supporting examinations that can be done. For example, ECG, echocardiography, treadmill test, or MRA / MRI. The need for inspection depends on the condition of each person. The most important thing is, discuss with your doctor about the most effective ways to stop smoking.
Hopefully this explanation is quite useful. Regards.