Explanation Of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) Disease?
I want to ask if DMD is what I just saw on TV but I don’t understand
Hello Bambang, Thank you for asking to HealthReplies.com.
Let me introduce myself that Doctor Rio will try to answer your question.
Previously the DMD you mentioned was a bit less specific. If the disease of DMD you are referring to is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), this disease is a hereditary / muscular disease that is caused by hereditary mutation caused by genetic mutations in the x-linked recessive-derived dystropin gene resulting in reduced and progressive loss of muscle strength. This incident is almost 1 in 3300 live births of baby boys.
Baby boys and girls alike can experience this mutation, but the signs of this disease do not appear in women. These symptoms usually occur at the age of children under 6 years. In children who have DMD, it can start slower than other normal children and more often falls when standing / walking. Abnormal gait is often seen at the age of 3-4 years. Pelvic muscles are affected earlier than shoulder muscles, due to muscle weakness in the buttocks as a pressure absorber, when a child with DMD tends to tremble and cause a gait like limping.
At preschool age, children have difficulty getting up from the floor with their legs locked, their buttocks followed by the floor pressing down with their hands, standing with their arms supported on their front thighs. Children with DMD also tend to walk with their toes (tiptoes) due to gastrocnemius muscle contractures in the calves and cause pain in the muscles.
Intellectual weakness can also occur in children with this DMD. Verbal abilities are more disturbed and this is not progressive. The average IQ of sufferers around 83 and 20-30% have IQ <70%. Respiration can be disrupted due to weakness of the chest muscles and respiratory muscles and severe scoliosis. This muscle weakness affects all aspects of lung function. Disorders of the heart muscles can also occur in the form of swelling / enlargement of the heart, persistent tachycardia and heart failure occur in 50% - 80% of patients.
The diagnosis of DMD can be confirmed through interviews with parents of patients, direct physical examination on patients, and other laboratory examinations.
That's all the answers I can give.
Thank you, and hope that helps :)