Explanation Of Sputum Culture Test?
I want to ask. I was told to do the second phlegm test at the puskesmas. The first sputum test was carried out in a special lung clinic of 2 sputum containers and was declared a positive doctor tb. I want to ask, if the results of the second phlegm test results are still positive there are germs how? Does that mean my tb is getting worse? Because lately I’ve been eating anything because I have to gain weight. Please the solution. thank you
Hello, thanks for the question.
TB is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, rod-shaped, and resistant to acid staining. These germs can attack the lungs, lymph nodes, skin, and other organs. Symptoms that appear in the form of coughing for more than 2 weeks, coughing up blood, weight loss, fever, night sweats, and others. Transmission through air or droplets containing TB germs. These germs will develop in a person's body when the immune system is down. Some other factors that increase the risk of TB transmission include:
Malnutrition or malnutrition.
Weak immune systems, such as people with HIV / AIDS, diabetes, undergoing chemotherapy, and taking immune system-suppressing drugs
Drug abuse or drug abuse
Frequent contact with people with active TB, for example medical workers or families of sufferers.
Young age or children
Treatment uses TB-specific drugs that have been established for 2 months in the intensive phase and 4 months in the advanced phase. Evaluation of this treatment is usually done at month 1, month 2, month 5, and the end of pengotaban. If after taking OAT for 2 months but when the sputum re-examination results are still positive, treatment continues and the examination will be repeated again at the 5th month and end of treatment. If in the 5th month and end of treatment the sputum examination results are still positive then we classify it as a Lung TB failure case, which will be tested for drug resistance and treatment using second-line TB drugs or if there is drug resistance, then the treatment is according to the MDR (multidrug resistance) drug treatment guidelines ). In the case of MDR, symptoms are usually more severe and do not respond to regular TB treatment so there is special treatment for this case. Therefore you should routinely consume the drug according to the doctor's orders and routinely do an examination to prevent cases of failure and drug resistance. Because tuberculosis is a contagious disease, in patients with suspicion of pulmonary TB, you should always use a mask, avoid contact with infants or young children because the immune system is still not fully formed, improve air circulation, adjust the room to get enough sunlight , eat healthy and nutritious food, meet fluid needs, get enough rest, collect phlegm containing TB germs in a container then be buried so that the risk of transmission to others can be reduced. If people with TB come in close contact with others, especially those who live in one house, the person should be examined by a doctor or a health care center. The doctor will conduct an examination, provide education, to provide preventative therapy or treatment to avoid contracting TB germs.
Thus, hopefully it helps.